The idea circulates that it is normal for cats to vomit from time to time to get rid of the hairballs they swallow. But it is not true. If our cat vomits frequently, it is necessary to consult with the veterinarian.
Here we go over the most common causes of foamy vomiting in cats. Although we associate vomiting with digestive problems, the truth is that they can also be caused by diseases that affect other systems.
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What is the vomit of foam in cats?
There are multiple causes that can trigger vomiting in cats. To get closer to the diagnosis, it is important to look for other symptoms, such as fever , diarrhea or anorexia. It is also essential to identify if vomiting occurs acutely or chronically.
In the first case, the cat will vomit several times in a row. In the second, these will appear periodically over the weeks. The age of the cat is another factor to take into account , since there are more common pathologies in kittens and others in older animals.
Living conditions also provide important information. These are data such as the type of coat, access to the outside or previous pathologies. In short, the most common causes of foam vomiting are the following:
- Digestive problems.
- Liver and pancreas disorders.
- Diabetes .
- Renal disease.
- Hyperthyroidism .
Digestive disorders in cats
There are several causes that affect the digestive system and cause vomiting. In principle, if the cat is healthy and one day vomits foam, it is not a cause for concern. Yes of observation . On the other hand, if it is a kitten, a specimen of unknown health status, an older one or with a disease already diagnosed, it is necessary to go to the vet.
Also if we appreciate any other symptoms and, of course, if the vomiting is repeated even sporadically. The most common reasons for vomiting originating in the digestive system are the following:
- Gastritis: it is produced by irritation of the lining that lines the inside of the stomach. It can be due to substance use, improper diets, medications, etc. It occurs acutely or chronically.
- Hairballs: hair during the swallowing cat autoacicalado can form hairballs in the mixed in the digestive tract with food and gastric juices. Depending on their size, location or consistency, they can cause complete or partial intestinal obstructions. Other foreign bodies can also clog.
- Inflammatory bowel disease: in this case the vomiting is chronic and the cat may present other symptoms such as decomposition and weight loss. It gets confused with other diseases, hence the importance of a good diagnosis.
- Parasites: the intestinal parasites are very common, especially in younger kittens. Sometimes we will see these worms in vomit or feces. In addition, there may be symptoms such as decomposition, loss of appetite, or abdominal bloating.
Liver disease and feline pancreatitis
Problems with liver or pancreas function are other causes of foamy vomiting . Starting with liver failure, when the liver fails, a series of quite nonspecific symptoms are triggered.
In addition to vomiting, the cat will be thinner, lose its appetite, or have a yellowish color to its skin and mucous membranes. There are several causes of liver damage, such as liver poisoning or lipidosis. As for the pancreas, it can become inflamed, which is known as pancreatitis.
This occurs acutely or chronically. Symptoms include, in addition to vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss or poor coat condition. In any case, these are diseases that require veterinary treatment, after a good diagnosis.
Symptoms of diabetes in cats
Cats can get diabetes just like people. It is more common in those of middle age. When your body doesn’t make enough insulin to get glucose into your cells, this sugar will rise in your blood.
The consequences are various symptoms, including vomiting. There is also an increase in appetite, although the cat remains thin, and a strange-smelling breath .
The diabetic cat will drink more and, consequently, will also increase the elimination of urine. It is a chronic disease, but it can be treated to improve the quality of life. As in people, it requires administering insulin and following a specific diet.
Symptoms of Kidney Disease in Cats
The renal disease is, unfortunately, quite common, especially in older cats. Vomiting is one of its symptoms, although the most notable are weight loss, increased water consumption and increased urine output.
The coat is in poor condition, the breath smells strange, the cat is inactive and inappetent, etc. It can occur chronically or acutely. Irreversible kidney damage is common , but the cat can be treated to maintain a good quality of life for as long as possible. There are various degrees depending on the severity.
Treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms and includes a specific diet. It is also essential that the cat is as hydrated as possible. He should be encouraged to drink and it is recommended to offer him wet food if he eats only feed.
Feline hyperthyroidism: a common disease
This disease originates in the thyroid gland and is due to an excess of a hormone that it produces, thyroxine. It is more commonly diagnosed in cats that are over ten years old.
They lose weight, although they eat and drink more, are hyperactive, pass more urine, have diarrhea, etc., in addition to vomiting. It requires veterinary treatment. There are several options that this professional will choose from depending on each case.
What to do when a cat vomits
A single vomit or episode with no further symptoms in a healthy cat may not have any clinical significance. We can limit ourselves to withdrawing the food for a few hours and restart eating a soft diet . But frequent, repeated vomiting, symptoms such as those described or characteristics of the cat that make it more vulnerable, are cause for attention.
There are so many possible causes of vomiting that it is essential to examine the cat and perform the relevant tests in order to obtain a diagnosis and guide the corresponding treatment.
By way of prevention of the causes that we can control, it is recommended to follow a schedule of deworming and vaccinations, in addition to providing a quality diet, hydration and a safe environment. Brushing prevents hairballs. Annual veterinary check-ups are recommended from the age of seven.
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