The Persian cat has been one of the most popular breeds for decades and for good reason. They are medium to large in size and although they are intelligent, they like to contemplate things before acting.
Persians have very expressive eyes, which is just one of the reasons they have found their place in the hearts and homes of cat lovers around the world.
History of Persian cats
The history of the Persian cat remains a mystery. What is known is that these charming cats have been around for centuries and that this breed was showcased in the first UK show held at Crystal Palace in 1871.
It was around this time that the earliest enthusiasts of the breed set the standard for the Persians that we see today. In fact, the breed hasn’t changed much since they first appeared in England.
Their exact origin is unclear, they probably descended from long-haired cats brought from Persia (now Iran) to Europe in the 17th century via ships on trade routes. These native Persian cats are believed to have interbred with the pure white Turkish Angora cats, which do not resemble modern day Angora cats.
Among the first Persian cats to reach Europe and the United States were those that were pure white, with piercing blue eyes. These are believed to have come from Turkey to France at some point in the 16th century, called at that time “Angoras” after the Turkish capital of Ankara.
Later, after crossing pure white Persians with Cream, blue and black Persians, the white variety also developed vivid orange or copper eyes. Those cats lacked the genetic predisposition to deafness that existed, and still exists, in the blue-eyed white variety.
Physical characteristics of the Persian cat
Today, the Persian cat is one of the most popular breeds in the world, thanks to its sweet, kind nature and its lovable, charming appearance. They have short, thick and powerful legs with five toes on the front legs and four on the back. The hind legs are shorter than the front ones.
They have a flat or flat face due to the absence of a nose, this is as long as it is wide, with open orifices, and the muzzle must be wide, short and full.
The head of the Persian cat is broad on the skull, round, and unusually large for its body size, while its ears are rounded and especially small compared to its head. A Persian has prominent, sweet-faced cheeks and a pleasant rounded forehead.
Their jaws are powerful and wide with a perfect bite between the top and bottom.
The necks are compact, muscular and short with a distinctive mane-like “skirt”.
The chin strong, full and well developed, set within the circumference of the face. The round, large and slightly separated eyes give a sweet character to the facial expression.
The tail is short and very bushy, they like to wag it to show their emotions. When it comes to their fur, the Persian boasts a luxurious, long, and thick coat of hair that is very fine to the touch.
There are a variety of colors including the following:
- Persian smoke.
- Golden Persian.
- Persian silver shading.
- Persian tabby.
- Tortie and white.
- Bicolor Persian.
The average life expectancy of a Persian is between 15 and 18 years when it is cared for and fed a proper and good quality diet.
Health in Persian cats
These cats are known to be a healthy breed although, being brachycephalic, they are prone to respiratory problems. Therefore, they can suffer from some health problems typical of this breed that you should know if you are planning to share your home with one of these charming cats.
The health problems that seem to affect this breed the most are the following:
- Polycystic kidney failure (PKD).
- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).
- Respiration problems.
- Eye problems
- Skin problems
Character of Persian cats
For the cats Persians like to have a routine in your life and do not want the changes.
They are renowned for their sweetness and delicacy, which is just one reason that makes them such wonderful family pets and companions. Therefore, they prefer a quiet environment rather than bustle and noise.
Although they get along well with younger children, they are best suited for homes where the children are slightly older and therefore know how to drive and behave. They are very tolerant of children of all ages; however, care must be taken so that any interaction with children is always supervised to make sure things remain quiet.
Persians are not overly talkative and have sweet, quiet voices. They communicate their feelings with their owner through their eyes, which are incredibly expressive.
Unlike many other breeds, Persians like to keep their feet on the ground and are more likely to be found lying on a sofa than on top of a bookcase.
They are not overly demanding about being shown affection, by nature they are very happy to be left alone, but never for long periods of time.
Although they love to spend time with their owners, a Persian is not clingy or demanding, which means that as long as they have plenty of toys to play with and cozy places to snuggle, they are very happy to be left alone.
They also get along well with dogs, especially if they have grown up together. However, when we introduce a new dog we must be careful in case the dog does not get along with the feline. They are incredibly calm by nature and have been known to get along well with small animals and pets. However, it is always wiser to keep a close eye on any cat when surrounded by small pets, just in case.
Persian cat care
Caring for Persian cats is slightly different from caring for a normal cat due to the unique characteristics of the Persian cat, such as its long, luscious coat and flat face.
Their coats need to be brushed daily to prevent knots or tangles from forming. You need to brush more often in the spring and then again in the fall. It is best to accustom your new Persian kitten to this as soon as possible, so that it becomes a daily routine for the rest of his life, you must get him to associate brushing with a positive experience.
First of all, you should choose the comb for long-haired cats . It is necessary to brush to the roots carefully, this will avoid any matting or knot and in the direction of the hair. To start, make small sections of your cat’s fur, pet and make a fuss to make the experience more pleasant for them.
The eyes of a Persian need to be cleaned regularly due to their ultra-flat face, to prevent crusting and remove any stains that their tears form. To avoid straining, I would advise cleaning your eyes daily with cotton pads and warm water.
It is also important to check a cat’s ears regularly and clean them when necessary. If too much wax is allowed to build up, it can lead to a painful infection that is difficult to remove. Cats often suffer from ear mites which can be a serious problem, so it is important to check their ears on a regular basis.
Persians are not high-energy cats, but they do enjoy interactive games with their owners. They tend to play in short bursts and play at their own pace, although what they enjoy the most is spending the day sleeping.
If you get a Persian kitten from a breeder, they will give you a type of diet and it is important that you continue with the same routine, using the same product to avoid any stomach upset. You can change a kitten’s diet, but this has to be done very gradually always making sure that it does not develop digestive discomfort and if it does, it is better to put it back on its original diet and consult with the vet before trying to change it again . As for mature cats, it is best to feed them several times a day ensuring that it is a good quality food that meets all their nutritional needs, which is especially important as cats age.
Keeping an eye on a cat’s weight is essential because if he starts to put on too much it can have a serious impact on his overall health and well-being. Like all other races, Persians need access to clean, fresh water at all times.
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