What to do in case of cat scratches?  What precautions?

What To Do In Case Of Cat Scratches? What Precautions?

Some Infectious Diseases Result From Cat Scratches. These Must Therefore Be Followed By Local Disinfection. But In Many Cases, A Wound Caused By A Scratch From His Cat Or An Unknown Cat Must Be Shown To A Doctor. Let’S Focus On The Cat Scratch Disease And The Other Infectious Pathologies Possible In This Type Of Situation, Their Symptoms, The Risks Of Complications, And Let’S See What The Precautions To Take To Avoid Being Scratched By A Kitty.

Cat Scratches: What Health Risks?

Being Scratched By A Cat Is Not Trivial. Besides, A Infection Develops In More Than 30% Of Scratched Individuals. This Is Easy To Understand: The Claws Of A Cat, Domestic Or Wild, Are Never Impeccably Clean. They Are Bacterial Hotbeds, Mushrooms And Germs Passed On To Humans At The Slightest Scratch. We Must Not Therefore Rely On The Fact That A Paw Can Be Superficial Because There Is A Real Danger To Have Been Contaminated.

If Left Untreated, A Cat Scratch Wound Can Turn Bad And Cause Complications Are To Be Feared. Although Not Transmissible From One Human To Another Human, These Conditions Must Be Treated.

Cat Scratches: Beware Of Diseases Such As Lymphoreticulosis, Sporotrichosis, Pasteurellosis

The Main Diseases Transmitted By Cat Scratches Are As Follows.

Inoculation Benign Lymphoreticulosis

It’S Here Most Commonly Transmitted Disease To Humans By Licking A Wound, Biting And Scratching A Cat. Immunocompromised People And Those With Cancer Are Particularly Affected By This Disease, As Are Young People From Birth To 20 Years Old.

Benign Inoculation Lymphoreticulosis Is More Commonly Called Cat Scratch Disease. It Is Due To Bartonella HenselaeA Bacterium Carried By Nearly 40% Of Cats Europeans, And These Transmit The Bacteria To Each Other After Being Infected With Fleas. It Is Frequently In The Cat’S Mouth That The Micro-Organisms In Question Are Housed, And When The Little Feline Licks Itself, It Deposits Them On Its Fur And On Its Claws.

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Cat Scratch Disease Causes The Following Symptoms:

    • Skin Redness Localized At The Site Of The Scratch,
    • A Lesion That Forms One Or More Pimples Containing Pus (This Is Called Pustules),
    • The Appearance Of A Crust,
    • Swollen Lymph Nodes. The Area Varies Depending On Where The Cat Was Scratched, Namely:
        • Scratch On The Hand, Wrist Or Arm: Lymph Nodes Under An Armpit,

       

        • Scratch On The Leg Or Foot: Lymph Nodes In The Groin,

       

        • Scratch On The Face: Glands Behind The Ear Or On The Neck.

       

    • A Sore Throat,
    • Headaches,
    • Sudden Fatigue,
    • Loss Of Appetite,
    • Pains :
        • Muscular,

       

        • Joints.

       

In A Perfectly Healthy Person, Cat Scratch Disease Heals Spontaneously In A Month At The Most And Leaves No Sequelae. On The Other Hand, In A Fragile Patient, The Lymph Nodes Persist And Are Still Present Several Months After The Cat Scratch. A Pustule Sometimes Forms, Liquid Can Even Flow Through An Abnormal Opening In The Skin.

We Deplore Serious Complications In 10% Of People Scratched By A Cat, Namely:

  • Unilateral Conjunctivitis That Causes Swelling Of The Eyelid, A Ganglion In The Front Of The Ear May Even Appear.
  • Pneumonia, I.E. An Acute Lung Infection,
  • Endocarditis, A Term For An Infection Of The Inner Lining Of The Heart Muscle.

Sporotrichosis

This Is Another Disease Transmitted By Cat Scratches. The Responsible Is Sporotrichum Schenckii. It Is A Tropical Fungus, So Sporotrichosis Is Extremely Rare In Our Latitudes. However, It Is Not Impossible, Especially When Traveling With Your Cat In Tropical And Subtropical Areas.

The Symptoms Of The Disease Appear Between 3 Days And 3 Months, Namely:

  • Papules Form Then Nodules,
  • Ulceration Of The Nodules,
  • Swollen Glands In The Area Near The Cat Scratch.

The People With Fragile Health Can Develop Complications Since Faced With A Weak Immune System, The Spread Of Sporotrichosis Is Possible To The Lungs, Joints, Meninges, Brain, Bones…

Pasteurellosis

This Disease Transmitted By A Cat Scratch Is Generally Developed By The Newborns The Infants (I.E. Young Children Aged 1 Month To 2 ½ Years) And Immunocompromised People. These Are Particularly Vulnerable Sections Of The Population.

Pasteurellosis Is Caused By Contamination With Pasteurella Multocida, A Bacillus Which Resides In The Mouth Of The Cat And Which It Deposits On Its Claws And Hair While Grooming. But It Can Also Transmit The Disease By Bite. The Symptoms Of This Infection, Which Is More Common Than Sporotrichosis But Less Common Than Benign Inoculation Lymphoreticulosis, Are Generally:

  • Localized Pain In The Wound Left By The Cat Scratch, Which Is Felt Soon After The Incident, Namely Between 3 And 6 Hours,
  • A Redness,
  • Swelling Of The Wound (Oedema),
  • A Slight Flow (Oozing) At The Level Of The Scratch,
  • A Rise In Body Temperature Between 38°C And 38.6°C,
  • The Appearance Of Nodes.

It Can Be Cured By A Antibiotic Treatment But Complications Are Possible In People Suffering From Alcoholism, Diabetics, Hiv Patients Who Are At Risk Of More Serious Infection In Certain Organs (Kidneys, Heart, Liver, Lungs, Brain, Etc.).

Precautions To Take To Avoid Cat Scratches

To Avoid The Proliferation Of Bacteria Transmitted By Fleas, It Is Strongly Recommended To Limit The Infestation By Regularly Giving Flea To His Cat. Particular Care Must Be Taken With Kittens Who Scratch Frequently And Have Not Yet Been Treated For Fleas. They Are Among The Cats Most Exposed To These Parasites. But More Generally, Since Diseases Related To Cat Scratches Can Have Different Origins, You Have To Be Cautious On A Daily Basis.

It’S Important To Protect His Children Against The Risk Of Cat Scratches But Also Bites By Teaching Them Not To Fiddle Too Much With Cats, Even Their Own, And By Prohibiting The Animal From Accessing The Baby’S Room. A Careful Washing Of Hands And Nails Is Essential After Having Touched A Cat, And It Is Advisable To Brush Every Day Her Little Feline To Check For Fleas. Finally, We Take Care Of Maintain The Claws Of Its Kitty And To Cut Them Frequently, And From An Early Age The Animal Should Be Educated. Kittens Can Be Taught Not To Scratch Humans. But In All Cases Of Cat Scratches, You Go To Your Doctor.

 

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