What are the cat’s primary needs

The cat is a domestic animal different from others. It is indeed an animal that cannot be trained like your dog. Thus, for this exercise to be successful, it is essential to ensure the animal’s needs, especially primary ones. Read this article to find out about these different cat needs.

Needs to live

Like humans, cats have basic needs. These needs that allow him to live well include: eating and sleeping.


Food remains a very important factor for the well-being and survival of your companion. To begin with, you should know that the cat is a great nibbler that requires self-service feeding. However, not all cats have the ability to ration well. It is therefore advisable to distribute the daily ration by sections of hours. This distribution will help your companion to be independent and to better regulate himself.

In addition, it is also crucial to know how to choose your pet’s food. Remember that the food recommended for the latter should contain 50% of fish or boiled meat, 20% of cooked green vegetables, 20% of cereals, and 10% of oils and vitamin supplements. Do not hesitate to choose for home or industrial food such as croquettes or mash.

Since the cat likes regularity and food, it would then be better to respect its transit and avoid varying its menus. Do not offer him a food hot enough or cold enough, the animal prefers moderate food.

To sleep

The cat sleep lasts about 16 hours a day, which shows that the cat spends 2/3 of its life sleeping. This time actually includes drowsiness, nap and sleep. However, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s exhausted. The sleep of the cat traces several characteristics and the measures of its brain activity are similar to that of humans.

The first characteristic concerns mental sleep, which represents the long phases of its sleep. Generally, the duration of these phases is twenty to thirty minutes during which the brain activity of the cat presents waves and slow and of wide amplitude. We note the slowing down of his breathing, detention of his muscles as well as a closing of his eyelids.

Second, your companion’s sleep is also characterized by fast wave sequences, but of low amplitude: it is called REM sleep. If during this phase the cat is sleeping soundly, its whiskers, eyes, tail, or paws may move. Finally, the third characteristic of a cat’s sleep is that it is alert even when it is resting. It could, therefore, pounce on its prey or flee at any time.

On the other hand, cat trees are a better and better solution for getting your cats to sleep well.

Additional needs

Apart from the needs necessary for survival, the cat must satisfy other needs for a good education.


Coming from the first month, socialization is a phase that allows the kitten to learn communication codes and also how he will react to lived experiences. The different pillars of reference, his way of reacting, and his diet will be at the origin of his temperament and his predispositions in the face of events. The more enriching and non-traumatic experiences a kitten has, the higher its level of socialization.

Hunt and spend

The cat has a hunting instinct. Like all species of predators, the main function of the cat is to feed itself and to do the same for its offspring. Unlike other animals such as the lion, the cat opts for a solitary hunt.

All cats offer the same principle when it comes to hunting: crouch in the shadows, discreetly take steps, capture its prey, kill it, and then play with it before eating it. If the small animals are often finished immediately, the feline sometimes prefers to let go of its prey to capture it again. As far as your animal’s jumping is concerned, this allows it to easily counter attempts to escape from its prey.

In addition, the cat needs to play and exercise. This need will be even more accentuated among those who live in the apartment because they very rarely have access to the outside. To satisfy this need, they will let off steam through long minutes of shopping.

An area to defecate

To keep your cat clean, you need to provide him with a space to defecate. To do this, install a tray filled with cat litter in a discreet corner of your house. Since it is used to eliminate far from the place of consumption, it would, therefore, be wise to put the litter more than 2 meters from its bowl. At the beginning, it is important to teach him to adapt to his litter box by leading him regularly to the box after the meal. If your pet does not follow your instructions, there would be no point in punishing him. Be patient and don’t hesitate to repeat the same teachings to him every time he disobeys. He will eventually take the fold.



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