The Sphinx cat does not go unnoticed, with him there are no middle terms: some find him attractive while in others he causes rejection. His lack of hair, his large ears and eyes, as well as the many folds that draw his skin are very peculiar.
Also known as the Egyptian cat for remembering the felines that they adored , it is for those who have ever taken it in their arms the most intelligent and affectionate cat that exists.
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Characteristics of the Sphinx cat
The sphynx cat or sphinx (sphinx in English) is a specimen with a muscular and hard body. His chest and abdomen are rounded. It could be said that it has the tail of a mouse, that its head resembles that of a reptile and its ears resemble those of a bat. Curious, right? curious and very beautiful at the same time.
|Weight between 3.5 and 7 kg. in males and 3.5-5 kg. in females|
|Very short and fine hair, imperceptible, scarce and very soft to the touch. Color in all varieties and patterns, also bicolor with any percentage of white|
|Triangular head, longer than wide with prominent, rounded cheekbones|
|Ears large and broad at the base|
|Large, lemon-shaped eyes with an upward angle and in all shades|
|Tail long, thin and tapering towards the tip|
|Estimated longevity of 9 to 15 years|
|Difficulty taking care of it medium|
How is the character of the Sphinx cat breed?
Despite the somewhat extraterrestrial appearance that they may show, Sphinx cats are loved. His temperament is friendly, affectionate and playful. He will always seek to rub against you to warm up and feel warm.
He loves company, a quality that makes it very easy to live with him . He gets along well with children and other pets. In fact, some claim that it has a monkey part, a dog part, a child part and a cat part.
The pirouettes and jumps that he likes to perform are his way of expressing his joy for your closeness, he is loyal like a dog, naughty and dependent like a child, and all this, without neglecting the intelligence and curiosity that cats boast.
Care for the Sphinx breed
This breed is characterized by the apparent lack of fur. A recessive gene is responsible for this circumstance, which has earned it to be recognized as the first hairless breed by some feline associations.
In fact, it does have hair, it is a kind of down that is imperceptible to the naked eye that shows the folds of its skin and marks its veins. Therefore, you should bathe him at least once a month to remove sweat and sebaceous secretions from his skin.
In this way, you will prevent the hair follicles from clogging and the cat from suffering skin injuries or infections. Passing it regularly with a chamois or sponge will favor the good condition of its fine hair.
Their large ears are prone to accumulating wax and dirt. You should clean them regularly and gently , making circular movements, using specific drops for this. Sanitize your eyes with physiological saline to contain infections.
By lacking eyelashes, their eyes are unprotected from tear fluid, so it is easy for them to acquire an eye disease . Every week you must remove the dirt deposited under their nails and each time they go outside you must protect them from burns with sun protection.
The lack of fur has another consequence and that is that the sphinx cat is very sensitive to changes in temperature. To preserve a comfortable body temperature of the environment must remain stable between 22º and 25ºC .
In winter, you should take extra care in this regard, for example, procuring clothes for cats or tempering their bed with a hot water bottle. At the same time, he must eat something more than what is usual in other cats.
In the current market we find quality feed, valid for this breed by providing it with all the nutrients that it requires due to its peculiarities. If you need advice, the vet will know how to clarify all your doubts.
Possible health problems of the Sphinx cat
This breed is prone to developing contagious diseases through contact with skin wounds such as feline hydrophobia, leukemia or mange . Hydrophobia, also known as feline rabies, is transmitted by the bite of the infected and is incurable.
Excessive salivation, erratic behaviors, irritability, phobia of water, loss of appetite, fever, vomiting and seizures are its main symptoms that lead to paralysis and death of the cat.
Leukemia is more recurrent among cats that live in cities, since contact is easier to occur and causes infections (of the skin, bladder or respiratory system), acute fatigue, inflammation of the lymph nodes, anemia or gingivitis.
Chlamydia, panleukopenia , borderline, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or respiratory viruses herpesviruses and caliciviruses complete the list of possible most outstanding pathologies in this breed.
Keeping your vaccination schedule updated and going to regular veterinary check-ups every 6 months is the simplest and most effective way to act in favor of your health . If you observe something strange in his behavior or in his body, do not hesitate to go for a consultation.
Origin of the Sphinx breed and curious facts
There are pre-Columbian engravings in which effigies of naked cats can be seen. In 1830, in the Natural History of the mammals of Paraguay, hairless cats are seen and a book dating from 1903 in which refers to hairless cats, calling them ” the Mexican without hair .”
However, the breed emerged in 1960 in Canada when a shorthair cat had a hairless kitten. In fact, for some time the breed was referred to as “Canada’s hairless cat.”
Subsequently, the crossbreeding of hairless cats with others from Oregon continued, reaching some popularity in the US in 1936 and a few years later in France. In 1970 the CFA recognized the breed, discontinuing it a little later.
Not surprisingly, not all feline associations today share accepted homogeneous standards. In the United States, only the ACA and TICA accept the sphinx , and the specimens of this breed are scarce outside North American lands.
The effort made by the Dutchman Hugo Hernández in 1973, trying to relaunch his offspring, deserves your attention and which had its effects in the feline exhibition that was held in Paris in 1983.
There are certain myths around the Sphinx or Egyptian cat. One of them is that according to its appearance it is the result of human intervention. However, the genetic mutation due to the recessive gene that cancels the presence of hair is completely natural.
At present there are 3 recognized hairless breeds: the sphinx, the peterbald and the don sphynx , the latter two originating in Russia. On the other hand, it is presumed that their lack of hair makes them hypoallergenic cats. Nothing is further from reality.
What determines that a person is allergic to cats is the FelD1 protein that is present in their saliva and in the dead cells of their skin, something that this breed obviously does not suffer from.
Be that as it may, its magnetism is obvious. His affable nature does the rest.