Their forward-bent ears emphasize the roundness of the skull while evoking the thoughtful expression of owls. Its sweet gaze, its plump body and its particular vivacity make the Scottish Fold a charming cat that will win over anyone.
Despite the difficulties in their breeding as a consequence of the high consanguinity , at present this breed has been improved by the hand of crosses with copies of British and American Shorthair.
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Characteristics of the Scottish fold cat
Its complexion is robust as it is endowed with a rounded body in which the height of the shoulders and buttocks is the same. Along with the fold of its ears, the flexibility of its tail is valued very positively.
|Origin Europe (Scotland)|
|Weight from 4 to 6 kg males and 3 to 5 kg females|
|Coarse and soft hair, short or semi-long. The long-haired version is called the Highland fold. Color: All colourpoint colors and patterns are supported except the one containing white.|
|Round head, with a pronounced chin and jaw|
|Small ears, close to the head, bent forward and with rounded tips. It is valued that there is a double fold, one at the base and one higher|
|Large, round eyes, well separated and in shades according to the tone of the coat|
|Tail its length equals two thirds of the body, tapers towards the tip and is flexible|
|Estimated longevity of 10 to 15 years|
|Difficulty taking care of it medium|
Character and behavior of the Scottish fold breed
Friendly, sociable, calm, docile and affectionate, they adore the company of humans. In fact, they cannot bear to spend several days alone. If you are one of those who must be absent from home frequently, it is recommended that your Scottish have a playmate.
They adapt easily both to small spaces and to living with children or other pets. Due to their calm temperament, they are an ideal breed for the elderly or those with mobility difficulties.
Despite their portly demeanor, Scottish Folds are fast as a field cat. You will not get bored of watching him run around, since there is nothing he likes more than playing with whatever object he finds in his path.
Care for a Scottish fold kitten
The particular morphology of their ears requires scrupulous hygiene care. You should sanitize them using a cloth soaked in water every week. In this way, you will prevent otitis and infections caused by mites.
Their nails, teeth and eyes should also be cleaned every week, especially in the case of senior cats. It is recommended to practice a gentle brushing daily and a more thorough brushing 2-3 times a week using a metal comb.
It will be the easiest way to avoid swallowing hairballs and causing intestinal obstruction. Malt for cats will also help you prevent them. The diet of these cats must be low in calcium to preserve their distinctive fold in the ears.
At the same time, to guarantee an optimal diet that keeps it in perfect condition, it is necessary to provide it with a quality feed with an adequate supply of proteins and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids that takes care of its hair, skin and joints.
The gene responsible for the fold of their ears is a carrier of osteodystrophy, a pathology that causes the vertebrae of the tail to become welded and that the joints of the extremities are covered with cartilage, reducing the mobility of the cat.
As it is a dominant gene, care must be taken that matings are not carried out between specimens of the same breed . Not surprisingly, through crosses with British and American Shorthair, the Scottish Fold have been in better health.
Likewise, this fold in the ears predisposes these cats to develop atrial parasitosis, as well as otitis and other infections in the ears. In this sense, proper ear cleaning is the most effective way to contain these symptoms.
There is a high percentage of deafness in white specimens with blue eyes, something common also in other breeds with these same characteristics. The high consanguinity of the past makes deformities in the tail or in the extremities prevail.
Therefore, if we are going to breed Scottish Fold cats we must note that the tail of both parents is not short or thickened to prevent genetic abnormalities in future puppies.
Whenever matings are practiced with both parents of this breed, it is certain that the puppies will be born with a shortening of the vertebrae of the tailbone or with severe arthritis in the extremities.
Taking due precautions, these felines do not have a higher incidence than other breeds in terms of diseases.
History of the breed and fun facts
The Scottish fold was born in Tayside (Scotland) in 1961. Pat Turner and Peter Dyte, a Scottish farmer couple had a white cat with folded ears due to a genetic mutation. 2 years later, this cat named Susie had babies.
These young kept the particular characteristic of their mother. Shepherd William Ross acquired one of these offspring and crossed it in 1966 with a British shorthair . This was the origin of this curious breed.
In the following years various breeding programs were undertaken in Great Britain with great success. However, a small percentage of cats with tails or thicker hips were seen, so their exposure began to be prohibited.
Faced with this situation, many of the British breeders chose to turn to international associations, mainly from the US, to continue their work. This is the reason why even today this breed continues to enjoy great popularity in the USA.
The Cat Fancy Association (CFA) recognized the breed in 1974 and the International Feline Federation (FIFe) did the same in 1978. Do you know that they are not born with their ears folded forward? This trait is evident 3 months after birth.