Along with the Bengali and the Egyptian Mau, the Ocicat is the third of the feline breeds to proudly wear a mottled pattern that gives it that elegant and beautiful wild air. Its resemblance to the mantle of the ocelot, which lives in central and southern America, gives rise to its name. However, his temperament is very affectionate and attached to his human guardian.
It shares many similarities with the Siamese, although the crosses with the European cat give it a greater corpulence. They are extremely active, intelligent and communicative , so if you opt for a cat of this breed you should spend time daily playing together, since they claim to interact with their family to stay balanced.
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Physical characteristics of the Ocicat
They are larger, stronger, shorter and elongated than the Siamese, but they share their athletic bearing with this breed with which they are related. Its snout is usually quite square, its chin strong, its neck arches, its front legs are slightly shorter, and its feet are oval. As in other breeds, males are larger than females.
|Origin America (USA)|
|Weight from 4 to 6 kg males and 2 to 4 kg females|
|Short hair, very close to the body, soft and with a satin shine. They usually feature an M-shaped tabby mark on the forehead. From it, the rows of specks are distributed evenly throughout the body, the central part being the one with the highest concentration. The background is usually bronze in color and the spots are black or signal|
|Rounded, wedge-shaped head. In profile, there is a slight elevation from the bridge of the nose to the forehead|
|Ears not excessively triangular, well separated and bear the characteristic plumes of lynxes|
|Large, almond-shaped eyes slightly slanted towards the ears. They are usually amber or green, never blue|
|Long, fine tail, especially towards the tip, and always darker than the rest of the body|
|Estimated longevity of 10 to 15 years|
|Difficulty taking care of it medium|
Character and behavior of the Ocicat cat
These kittens have inherited their curious, intelligent, playful and active temperament from the Siamese cat . They show a behavior of exclusivity towards the human that they select as a favorite, of which they immediately become fond of. They need to feel close to their family and they don’t do well spending time alone . They are vocal and sociable with strangers.
Because of their intelligence they learn quickly. Given its predisposition to manifest a dominant role if you have other pets at home, you should socialize it, preferably at an early age, and carry out a gradual adaptation. He loves jumping and climbing, with outdoor settings being his favorite to explore and play.
Care required by the Ocicat cat
His main need has to do with activity and play. You should set aside time every day to play with him. Intelligence toys and trees or scratchers of different heights will suffice for moments of solitude. Having a large space, suitably enriched is another requirement to satisfy to guarantee your well-being.
Their diet must be varied, of quality and rationed in order to prevent obesity . Make sure to provide him with the daily amount of proteins and Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids that he demands so that his body and his coat remain in optimal condition. Brushing, 2 or 3 times a week, and hygiene of the eyes, ears and teeth are required.
Ocicat cat health
The genetic enrichment that has been derived from the number of breeds (Siamese, Abyssinian , European and American shorthair ) used in its creation means that so far no associated congenital or hereditary diseases are known. However, going to the vet 2 or 3 times a year will allow you to vaccinate him and prevent diseases in time.
History of the breed and fun facts
This breed was born in the state of Michigan (USA) in the 60s. Virginia Daly’s pet (Berkley, 1964) named Tonga is considered to be the first specimen of the Ocicat breed. This kitten was conceived by a Siamese cat and a mixed Siamese and Abyssinian cat.
Tonga wore a gorgeous ivory cloak with gold flecks and copper-colored eyes. Soon after, Virginia’s daughter came up with the name Ocicat, conjugating ocelot and cat , cat in English . However, this cat was sterilized and the creation of this breed as such came later thanks to the crosses carried out between Siamese and Europeans.
The purpose was to achieve a kitten with a physical structure similar to that of the Siamese, but with a different pattern, the mottling that evokes this wild cat, the ocelot. Tom Brown incorporated the short-haired Americans into the crosses. In 1986 the TICA recognized the breed while the FIFE did the same in 1992.