The manx or manés in Spanish, referring to the name of the inhabitants of their native Isle of Man, is a feline with a strong and rounded complexion. Its tiny tail or the lack of it is its most distinguishing feature.
Precisely, this characteristic, due to a natural genetic mutation , is highly appreciated in Asian countries. Its sociable and tolerant character makes it easy to coexist with it, being a cat that makes itself loved quickly.
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Characteristics of the Manx cat
Its face and body are robust and round in shape. Its hind legs are slightly longer than the front ones. However, its tail of just 3 cm, in the form of a stump or the absence of it is its most notable characteristic.
- Origin Europe (British Isles)
- Medium size
- Weight from 4 to 6 kg males and 3 to 5 kg females
- Short, abundant and soft hair. Colors: white, brown, gray or golden tones present in a two-color pattern or as spots
- Large, round and broad head
- Ears separated and slightly pointed
- Almond-shaped eyes in amber, green or blue tones. Always in line with hair color
- No or very short tail, around 3 cm in length
- Estimated longevity of 10 to 18 years
- Difficulty caring for it low
Character of the Manx cat breed
The manx is a calm and homey cat. In fact, it adapts perfectly to all types of homes. Enjoy the company of children and other pets. He is very affectionate and will always be ready to claim your attention .
Due to their past as a rodent hunter, that instinct remains alive in these specimens, so you should provide them with moments outdoors, for example, in a garden or park, to release part of their abundant energy.
Manx are intelligent and curious cats. His temperament is peaceful , making him the ideal pet for those who have little time or who have not had a pet before. You will learn the rules quickly.
Manx Cat Care
Its coat is short, but that does not mean it is exempt from the need to brush it at least once a week. In this way, in addition to getting rid of dead hair, you will help to reactivate circulation and promote new hair growth.
Due to its tendency to be overweight, you should try a diet without cereals and low in carbohydrates . You should ration the amounts he eats per day according to his age. If you opt for a natural BARF diet, you must properly prepare the meat and vegetables.
It is worth resorting to feed enriched with vitamins and minerals or, if you offer a natural diet prepared by you, administer vitamin supplementation. Do not forget to provide clean and fresh water daily.
Adequate hydration will favor the absorption of nutrients and improve your intestinal and digestive transit. Use a sterile gauze soaked in saline solution or cold strained chamomile to clean his eyes, nose and ears .
In this way, you will prevent possible inflammations and infections. Monthly tooth brushing is another of the minimum requirements for your proper hygiene routine. As it is an active cat, you should facilitate moments of play using different strategies.
In this sense, hiding their toys to encourage them to find them or trees or gyms for cats are interesting options to enable their daily exercise.
How is the health of the Manx cat breed?
The most prevalent pathologies in this breed have to do with malformations in the development of the spine. In fact, the reason that the true manx does not have a tail or is so short is because of a recessive gene involved in the formation of the spine .
Not surprisingly, the ‘Isle Man syndrome’ is a recurrent disease in these cats that can lead to various complications such as spina bifida, disorders in the formation of the vertebrae or the pelvic area, as well as in the involvement of internal organs .
Incontinence, constipation, digestive disorders or hydrocephalus due to prolapse of nerve structures are its most characteristic manifestations. Consequently, you need to increase your annual visits to the vet. At a minimum, they should be 3.
You should know that manx puppies have a high mortality rate , due to the complications associated with the genetic mutation that explains their lack of a tail. After the first weeks of life, the cat will develop healthy and without genetic problems.
Regarding the genetic mutation, it should be added that in crosses should be avoided, at all costs, inbreeding, since otherwise we would aggravate the harmful effects of said mutation.
Once the feline has reached the senile stage, it may experience difficulties moving as a side effect, once again, of this mutation.
History of the breed and fun facts
The origin of Manx dates back to the 18th century and to the Isle of Man, between Ireland and Great Britain. There are many assumptions about the creation of this breed. For some it dates from the time of the civilization of the Phoenicians, for others to the cross between a cat and a rabbit.
According to biblical accounts, the manx was the last animal to enter Noah’s ark and the doors of that ark would have cut off its tail.
However, the most reliable theory seems to be the one that points to the Spanish ships, which would have introduced the first felines to the Isle of Man. The genetic mutation did the rest.
In the 1930s the breed was officially recognized in Europe and the USA by various international associations.
At present, the Manx belongs to category III of the International Feline Federation and treasures numerous graphic examples of its popularity. The Stimpy cat from The Ren & Stimpy Show belongs to this breed, as well as the protagonist of the game Sonic X-treme.
As you know, the length of its tail is the most representative quality of the manx. What you may not know is that depending on this length it receives different names. The rumpy lacks a tail, the riser has 3 coccegenic vertebrae, in the stumpy these vertebrae are mobile.
In the longy the tail measures no more than 3 cm while in the tailed , which also exist based on the alleles of their parents, they have a conventional size tail.