The young domestic feline can have many problems reaching adulthood. Your immune system, although it works at full capacity from the first moment you are born, still needs to be strengthened, but for this, it must be exposed to viruses, bacteria and others. However, if basic care is not provided, or if the mother has infected it with a disease, any of these microorganisms can kill the animal .
For this reason, when we talk about diseases of kittens, the recommendation is always the same: go to the vet as soon as possible. You have to think that the kitten is very fragile, and if it catches, for example, Feline Immunodeficiency, it can have serious difficulties to recover enough so that it can lead a normal life. Knowing this, we are going to tell you what are the health problems that kittens can have .
Diseases and infectious problems
Feline infectious anemia (AIF)
It is produced by the Cytauxzoon felis or Mycoplasma haemophilis , which attack the surface of the cat’s red blood cells. It is transmitted mainly by fleas and ticks, through their bites, but it can also be passed from mothers to children.
- Symptoms: loss of appetite and weight, increased sleeping hours, listlessness, gums and tongue turn pale in color. It can also happen, in severe cases, that the heart beats faster than normal.
- Treatment: it is treated with antibiotics, or in severe cases with blood transfusion.
It is a type of feline flu, transmitted by the Vesivirus virus. It is very infectious, to the point that, although the cat has already overcome the disease, it can contract it again since it is a virus whose strain mutates easily, adapting to each new situation.
- Symptoms: colds, conjunctivitis, sneezing, ulcers on the palate and on the oral mucosa, runny nose, depression.
- Treatment: it is treated with antibiotics, analgesics and with medications that help the cat to breathe better.
It is an eye infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydophila felis. This is a disease that can easily be confused with conjunctivitis, but it takes time to cure.
- Symptoms: inflammation of the pink-colored membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids and of the transparent membrane that covers the whites of the eyes, redness of the eyes, watery or thick and purulent tears, sneezing, runny nose, fever and loss of the appetite.
- Treatment: it is treated with antibiotics.
It is the inflammation of the mucosa of the eye. It can appear for various reasons, due to bacteria, fungi, trauma, hereditary problems.
- Symptoms: itchy eyes, abundant tearing, excess of lagazas, a lot of tearing.
- Treatment: cleanse the eyes with a clean gauze for each eye with chamomile. If there is no improvement in 3-4 days, it should be treated with an eye drop recommended by the veterinarian.
Feline immunodeficiency (FIV)
It is a disease transmitted by a virus that affects the immune system, giving or destroying white blood cells. It can be passed from mother to child, while breastfeeding, or through bites.
- Symptoms: malaise, fever, loss of weight and appetite, gingivitis, apathy.
- Treatment: Unfortunately, it is only symptomatic. Antibiotics will be given so that you can live as normal and long a life as possible.
Other illnesses or problems
They are lumps that sometimes appear when a wound becomes infected and the skin closes before it has finished healing.
- Symptoms: lack of appetite, apathy, appearance of a palpable lump.
- Treatment: clean the area with a gauze soaked in warm water, until the pus comes out. Afterwards, it is cleaned with hydrogen peroxide. Do not bandage the area.
Although it is not frequent, the kitten may have pimples on the chin and / or in the mouth due to being allergic, or due to a poor diet.
- Symptoms: appearance of pimples.
- Treatment: wash the area with mild soap, rinse and dry well.
The kitten, unfortunately, can also have allergies: to pollen, dust, detergents, etc.
- Symptoms: breathing problems (coughing, sneezing, shortness of breath, watery nasal discharge), watery eyes, itching.
- Treatment: you have to keep it away from what causes allergies.
It is a lung infection that is usually caused by viruses and made worse by bacteria. They attack the bronchi and the pulmonary alveoli.
- Symptoms: cough, fever, trouble breathing, purulent nasal discharge.
- Treatment: Antibiotics and medications to help expel microorganisms through coughs and mucus.
In kittens it is not common, but if it occurs it may be because they are being fed an inadequate diet, or external parasites.
- Symptoms: hair loss, itching.
- Treatment: give him a diet rich in animal protein, and treat him with antiparasitics.
If there is an excess of dandruff it can be due to a poor diet or the presence of parasites.
- Symptoms, appearance of whitish particles on the hair, itching.
- Treatment: improve the diet, and put antiparasitics to fight fleas, ticks and mites.
They are spasmodic contractions of a viscera, which cause a lot of pain.
- Symptoms: apathy, loss of appetite, localized pain.
- Treatment: it is treated with antispasmodics.
Diarrhea is common in kittens: it appears when food is not changed little by little, or by the presence of intestinal parasites.
- Symptoms: increased frequency of defecation, and water intake.
- Treatment: keep him hydrated, give him a pill or syrup to eliminate intestinal parasites, and feed him with good quality food.
It is the inflammation of the throat by, normally, infectious agents.
- Symptoms: coughing fits, fever, tiredness, trouble swallowing.
- Treatment: Feed him soft, tasty foods, such as kitten cans, and keep him out of drafts.
It is the inflammation of the internal structure of the ear, which is caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites or accidents (bad falls, for example).
- Symptoms: tries to scratch ear, keeps head cocked.
- Treatment: Treating with ear drops is usually sufficient, but oral antibiotic medications may be necessary.
Illnesses in kittens can be very serious. In the event that you suspect that your little friend is unwell, don’t hesitate to seek professional help.
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