Do you know what causes an allergic reaction to cats? Cat allergy is twice as common as dog allergy. Far from what you might think, that you sneeze and that you do not stop tearing in the presence of a pussycat does not depend so much on its amount of hair or its length.
There are long-haired breeds that are better tolerated than other short-haired ones. The Fel d1 protein is responsible for the allergenic load of felines. It is present in saliva . Thus, when grooming it remains attached to your hair and when it is lost, because it is dead, it remains suspended in the environment for hours. There are other allergens, for example in the urine of cats.
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Are there really hypoallergenic feline breeds?
You should know that all cats produce this Fel d1 protein. Therefore, we can affirm that there are no hypoallergenic breeds as such . Males, especially those that have not been neutered, produce more Fel d1 than females. Dark-haired kittens are more allergenic than light-colored ones.
Kittens produce fewer allergens than their adult counterparts. However, certain breeds lose less hair or produce less Fel d1 than others and, consequently, manage to keep the symptoms of allergy to cats silenced. In the next few lines we will show you which are these breeds and how to contain allergens in your home.
The Bengali cat
Su manto, además de revelar su procedencia salvaje, es muy fino y corto. Al necesitar menos tiempo para acicalarse la concentración de saliva en su pelo es menor y, por tanto, existen menos pelusas o pieles muertas de tu gato en el ambiente.
The Balinese cat
Also known as the long-haired Siamese, it is one of the long-haired feline breeds that are well tolerated by those allergic to cats. The reason for this is that it produces less Fel d1 than other of its congeners.
The Russian Blue Cat
This pussycat is elegant and affectionate. His coat is double, with a pleasant plush touch and his hair is short. It is among the cats that produce little Fel d1.
Devon rex cat
Do you know that some parts of his body lack hair? In the rest this is short and hardly loses it. Therefore, the Devon rex can be considered another of the most hypoallergenic breeds that exist.
Cornish rex cat
Like the Devon loses little hair. However, its most differentiating feature is that it only has one coat of hair, unlike most breeds that have 3 (an outer, protective, an intermediate and an inner coat to give it heat).
In this case, it is the inner layer. It is a very soft and curly hair that requires frequent baths to regulate the oils that keep it in perfect condition.
The oriental shorthair cat
Their hair is fine, short and can show off an infinite number of colors and patterns, more than 300. As a general rule, it loses little, but if you brush it regularly you will hardly find any lint in your home.
The siberian cat
This is another of the long-haired breeds that belong to the group of kittens well tolerated by those who usually manifest the typical symptoms of allergy. The reason for this is that it produces little Fel d1 protein.
Shynpx the cat
The Sphinx or Shynpx lacks hair all over its body. Instead, it bears a fine, almost imperceptible layer of fluff. Although it does produce Fel d1, it does not have hair to trap allergens in its saliva.
This breed requires regular baths to keep the essential oils that preserve the good condition of its skin stabilized. Likewise, their large ears should be cleaned regularly to remove any grease and wax that may accumulate.
The Javanese cat
These specimens are very talkative and also have a single coat of hair. On this occasion, it is the external one, which acts as protection against external agents. The result is less hair and dead skin shedding and circulating in the environment you breathe.
El gato LaPerm
This curious breed is characterized by its curly hair. A peculiarity that allows it to also lose little hair and is well received by those allergic to kittens.
Tips for managing allergens
If you love cats but do not get along with them, apart from opting for one of the breeds that we have already talked about, as long as your symptoms do not pose a threat to your life, you can also try to put the recommendations into practice that we provide below. They will help you reduce allergens in general:
- Get a purifier airfilter High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA).
- Get rid of upholstered furniture, rugs, and curtains. If you don’t want to do without the rugs, steam them once a week. For windows it is preferable to opt for fabric covers.
- You must maximize the hygiene of your home bycleaning the covers of the sofas, the bedding, the bed of your cat and everything on which he spends time lying, at least once a week with water over 60 ºC.
- After stroking your cat wash your hands and if you have been lying with him you should shower before going to bed. Remember that Fe d1 is very sticky and can travel attached to your skin or your clothes to places that cats do not usually frequent.
- Pay attention to your pet’s hygiene by bathing it with an herbal shampoo that does not dry out its skin, as well as its diet. Offer her a low-grain, GMO, anti-inflammatory diet to improve the allergenic quality of her saliva. Do not neglect the daily dose of essential fatty acids that you require for less hair loss.
In short, although there are no hypoallergenic breeds in the most literal sense, you do have certain breeds that are less harmful to you if, in general, you see that your health suffers from the presence of your favorite pets.