After the initial excitement about his arrival home, knowing how to train a cat is decisive for your living together at home to be harmonious. Many newbies to felines tend to treat them as if they were dogs and their psychologies have little to do with each other. Your kitty will not learn tricks like sitting up by saying ‘sit’ or giving you the paw.
However, in general, cats learn faster than dogs and follow commands with less resistance , especially when these revolve around cleanliness or hygiene. Of course, you must understand that when training a kitten what you teach him should have a positive impact on his quality of life. Otherwise, it will ignore you.
You may also be interested in: How to make a cat obedient
Train a cat like a pro
To obtain good results you must be patient and disciplined, always proceeding in the same way, and use positive reinforcement. It is never good to scold, punish, and even less, hit a cat. What you will get is just the opposite, that he fears you and runs away from you.
By contrast, using strokes, a soft tone of voice and rewards will accelerate the assumption of what you want your pet to learn. In the next few lines we detail what are the master lines of learning involved in welcoming a cat at home. Pay attention!
How to teach him to use the sandbox
This is one of the first routines that you should teach your new life partner. Make sure the litter tray is spaced from the drinker and the feeder. Place the cat in front of the litter box and dig with your hand. Repeat this when you eat, play, or when you wake up . If he is encouraged and does not cover his needs with the sand, do it yourself.
If you make them outside the sandbox, pick them up and place them inside. Reward their good behaviors. The size of the litter box should be according to the body of your pet. If it is a puppy, it should not be too tall, since if it has difficulties accessing it, it will look for another location for these purposes.
The amount of sand should be enough for the cat to cover its stools, but without excess. In this case, the sand will overflow and soil the surrounding area. Do not forget to go through the tray several times a day to remove what should not be there. Cats are very neat and demanding about the cleanliness of their bathrooms.
How to teach him to use the scraper
It is very common for cats to sharpen their nails on the sofa or on the furniture in the house. To reverse this vice, we recommend that you spray a little catnip on the scraper. The dynamics that include toys are usually well accepted , as they provide added value. As puppies, they especially like the game because it helps them explore.
When you catch him scratching, for example, a piece of furniture, take it and bring it in front of the scratcher. Act this way every time you see him scratching where he shouldn’t be, and reward him with his favorite snack when he uses it. After a few days you will have internalized it.
How to teach him not to play with your hands
Up to 3 weeks of age, play through scratches and bites is part of their experimentation behavior to become familiar with their environment. That your kitten plays with your fingers will be inevitable and you will hardly make progress at these ages. However, after 3 weeks of life you should replace your hands with toys .
Rag stuffed animals, colored balls, reeds or rattles with feathers are toys that you can even make yourself to entertain and stimulate your friend. Appealing to your instinct to stalk is decisive to preserve the cognitive health of the animal. If he resists not playing with your hands, yell and suspend the game when he does.
How to teach him not to enter dangerous places
Rooms like the kitchen, because they are equipped with countless gadgets with which your pet can hurt himself, should not be frequented by kitties. How do you get him to learn it? Ethologists recommend proceeding with assertiveness, always in the same way. When you see him prowling the kitchen, evict him without hesitation.
You can pronounce the word “no” with a serious face and serious tone . Act immediately, do not let time pass since you detect his inappropriate behavior and in the following minutes do not offer him food or caress him. It should be clear to him that what he has done is not right and that you did not like it. You can extrapolate this routine to other learnings.
Some experts advise using sprays, for example, filled with water, to deter these behaviors. This way, they won’t associate that unpleasant experience with you. Your relationship will not be resentful and he will assimilate what you want to convey to him.
The importance of environmental enrichment
Play and mental stimulation are a capital part of any cat’s training. In addition to physical exercise, they activate thinking by having to overcome challenges, for example, finding where the food or a ball is. Intelligence games are essential, above all, for the moments when you have to be absent.
Providing shelters or hiding places, such as a house or a large cardboard box, are also very healthy. Felines usually like intimate moments in which they can isolate themselves from the bustle of the home to disconnect and rest. We hope you have taken good note of how to train a cat. Share your experiences with us!