Rabies is a very feared disease. This is because it is fatal in almost all cases. Furthermore, it can be transmitted from animals to humans. In some countries the cat is one of the species that can infect people.
It is a disease distributed worldwide, although in many countries it has been controlled thanks to the development and extension of vaccination programs. Depending on our place of residence, it will be mandatory or not to vaccinate our cat.
- You may also be interested in: Cat vaccination calendar
What is rabies?
Rabies is an infectious viral disease caused by a virus from the Rhabdoviridae family . It is a zoonosis, which means that animals can transmit it to humans . It can affect everyone warm-blooded. The contagion occurs only through infected animals, since they eliminate the virus through saliva.
This removal of the virus occurs before symptoms begin. The incubation period is highly variable. It ranges from two weeks to several months. This is because it depends on where the inoculation was, that is, where the bite or scratch occurred. The greater the distance from the central nervous system, the longer the incubation time.
It is rare in our environment for a cat to become infected with rabies. Bats are known to be a source of contagion, although the risk is low. Anger can manifest itself in two ways, called furious and dumb . The first is the most common in cats. On the other hand, human beings who get sick usually do so from infected dogs.
Symptoms of rabies in kittens
The rabies virus affects the central nervous system of the infected animal. This causes different alterations that will manifest at the neurological level. All of them are serious, to the point that they end up causing the death of the cat.
The following symptoms stand out:
- Aggression, unexplained behavior changes.
- Encephalitis. Reduction or absence of palpebral, corneal and pupillary reflexes. Anisocoria, which is the difference in the size of the pupils. Squint.
- Hanging jaw. Sialorrhea or excessive production of saliva.
- Seizures, muscle spasms. Tremors
- Disorientation. Wandering without any destination. Uncoordination
- Exaggerated reactions to sensations such as fear, anger, sensitivity to light, etc.
- Paralysis. Eat. Death from respiratory arrest, which usually occurs in just 3-4 days.
How is rabies diagnosed?
Confirmation of the disease takes place post mortem. This requires a sample of tissue from the brain. Given the seriousness of this pathology, if we suspect that a cat has contracted rabies, we must isolate it and inform the veterinarian immediately.
Treatment for rabies
Due to the characteristics of rabies, animals suspected of being ill are not treated . This is intended to protect public health, then, remember, we are facing a zoonosis, which also has a very high mortality rate.
Regarding the disinfection of the environment, it is possible to destroy this virus using physical agents such as heat and ultraviolet rays. But, also, chemicals such as lime, detergents, bleach, chlorine or iodine can be used.
How to prevent rabies
The star measure against rabies is vaccination. If prevention is always more important than cure, in the case of rabies it becomes the only option. For cats, an inactivated vaccine is used, above all, which manages to provide them with very good protection . Cats can receive the first dose of this vaccine at an early age.
Specifically, its administration is recommended between 12 and 16 weeks of life. The vet will inform us. It is necessary to revaccinate according to the legislation of our locality of residence. Therefore, although some vaccines manage to confer immunity even for three years , the law may require us to repeat the dose every twelve months.
In addition to the recommendation to vaccinate animals against this disease, if we live or travel to a country where rabies is a problem, for example India, we must act with caution. This means not coming into contact with stray cats. Although they appear healthy, they can be infected, so it is a risk to handle them.
The rabies vaccine
As for the vaccine, we must know that it is very effective, but the only way to guarantee that the animal is perfectly protected is through a blood test. This is what explains why some countries request the result of this analysis.
In this way they ensure that the animal is healthy. They are destinations like the UK or those where rabies is endemic. If we travel with our dog to certain places, it may be necessary for us to do the analytics when returning home.
People Also Search For
symptoms of rabies in cats to human
signs of rabies in cats eyes
what are the first signs of rabies in a cat
symptoms of rabies in humans
how long can a cat live if it has rabies
what are the chances of getting rabies from a cat scratch
effect of cat rabies to human
will a cat with rabies eat and drink
signs of rabies in cats eyes
cat with rabies video
can an 8 week old kitten have rabies
how common is rabies in cats in india
signs of rabies in humans
rabies symptoms in child
will a cat with rabies eat and drink
rabies in cats incubation period
cure for rabies in humans
rabies cat sneezing
People also ask
How long can a cat have rabies before it shows symptoms?
Can cats carry rabies without symptoms?
Can rabies be treated after symptoms occur?
What are the chances of getting rabies from a cat scratch?
Can a small scratch cause rabies?
How would I know if my cat has rabies?
How long after a bite do rabies symptoms occur?
What are the first symptoms of rabies in humans?
Can you survive rabies without treatment?
What happens if you get scratched by a cat with rabies?
Can rabies be cured in cats?
How long can a cat with rabies live?
Can you get rabies from an animal with no symptoms?
Do cats carry rabies?
Can an indoor cat get rabies?
Do I need a rabies shot after a cat scratch?
Can you get rabies from a cat scratch that doesn’t break the skin?
Should I be worried if my cat scratched me?
How long does rabies take to kill?
What are the stages of rabies?
Does alcohol kill rabies?
How common is rabies in cats?
What to do if you get bit by a cat?
Can cat scratches make you sick?
Do cats need rabies shots every year?
Is it OK to be scratched by a cat?
Is cat scratch disease serious?
Do cat scratches go away?
How do you train a cat not to scratch?
Do I need antibiotics for cat scratch?
Why do cat scratches hurt so bad?
Should I go to the doctor for a cat bite?
What antibiotic is used for cat scratch?
Should I go to urgent care for a cat bite?
Can you treat a cat bite at home?
How do you know if a cat bite is serious?
When should you go to the ER for a cat bite?