A recently weaned kitten cannot eat the same as a cat in the last years of its life or a chronically ill one. As caregivers we must pay attention to the characteristics of our cat to always offer the best food .
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How to feed an orphan cat puppy
If we collect an abandoned litter, the first thing we should know is that these kittens, if they are less than three weeks old , can only be fed milk. In addition, it must be specifically formulated for kittens . We will follow the administration guidelines recommended in the preparation.
This replacement milk provides them with all the necessary components for their development such as proteins, essential fatty acids, minerals, trace elements, vitamins, taurine, etc.
Giving cow’s milk, ground feed or any other preparation can result in nutritional deficiencies that even end the life of the little one . It is around three weeks of life when we can begin to offer solid food, always adapted to the needs of the kitten. If they are with their mother, they usually suckle for 6-8 weeks.
- How to feed a newborn cat puppy
Food for a cat puppy from 8 weeks of age to 12 months
From weaning until approximately 6-12 months of age, kittens should receive adequate nutrition at their rapid growth rate, especially in the first 20 weeks . Around six months these little ones will need about 120-150 kcal / kg, which will decrease to about 80-90 approximately at the end of the year, depending on their activity.
Cats are carnivorous animals that at any stage of their life will need animal proteins and fats, in addition to taurine , an amino acid that is essential and essential for their health. All dietary changes that will occur in the cat’s life must be made progressively .
Once the kittens leave the milk, it is not necessary to offer it again. In fact, some could feel bad, since as they grow they lose the enzymes responsible for their digestion, so that their intake could cause gastrointestinal disorders.
How to feed an adult cat
Upon reaching adulthood, the cat’s diet is no longer focused on growing, but on maintaining its weight. To feed these cats we will look at their activity. The goal is to keep them in optimal body condition. Obese cats will have health problems and complications. They stand out for the fat that makes it impossible to feel the ribs.
On the contrary, in cats that are too thin we can see these ribs with the naked eye. Neither condition is recommended. A healthy cat is one with an athletic appearance in which the ribs are not visible but they are palpable without difficulty.
It is important to note that cats are not small dogs, so we should not feed them as such. Cats have high protein and taurine needs , since it is essential for them and they are not able to produce all they need.
At this stage it is very important to distinguish between cats that have access to the outdoors and those with a more sedentary life indoors. The latter will require fewer calories than active ones outside the home.
It is important to take this into account to avoid overweight problems. In general, it is estimated that the diet of an adult cat should contain an approximate percentage of protein between 30-45% and 10-30% fat .
Both males and females after sterilization will decrease energy needs , so it is not recommended that they feed in the same way as before the intervention. The energy that the cat ingests and does not consume will accumulate in the form of fat.
Feeding pregnant and lactating cats
These cats have higher nutritional needs to train and feed their kittens than adult cats. Therefore, if we continue to offer him his usual food, we run the risk of deficits. To avoid this , the same diet is recommended as during the growth stage .
It must also be taken into account that their needs will progressively increase throughout the pregnancy. The pregnant cat needs to accumulate reserves for the breeding season.
How to feed a sick cat
In this section we also include obesity, since being overweight constitutes a risk factor for certain pathologies or aggravates existing ones. These cats should start a diet, always following the veterinarian’s control . Dieting a cat is not just about removing food from it.
Depending on the disease that our cat presents, we will have to adjust the feeding to its new needs. To achieve this we will find commercial foods formulated to treat different pathologies. If we want to offer homemade food, we must prepare a menu with the vet and be clear that this menu does not mean feeding the cat with leftovers .
The hairballs , the kidney disease or liver, allergies, heart disease, etc. They are disorders whose treatment, together with drugs, involves maintaining a specific diet.
Elderly cats What is the best diet?
Approximately from 7-8 years of life we can speak of geriatric cats. If they suffer from any pathology, the diet will be recommended for the treatment of that disease. In general, older cats are more easily dehydrated, so we have to take care that they consume enough water or wet food.
A palatable, high-energy diet is needed that encourages them to eat and provides them with enough energy, as they tend to lose weight. They can also manifest oral problems, so the food will have to be softer .