Choosing what type of cat you want is the first step before buying or adopting a feline. Male or female, mongrel or purebred, hypoallergenic cat breed… It is better to think about it carefully, before committing for a minimum of 15 years that a cat can live.
To make the right decision and achieve a happy ending, you need to know what you want and what you expect from living with the cat. The following guidelines will help you make a decision:
Choose your cat: purebred or mongrel cat?
The first question to ask before taking a cat into your home is its origin: stray cat (mongrel or non-breed specific and often wild) or purebred cat. To choose you must take into account the following elements:
- The stray catsare the most common and easy to obtain. The shelters are full of adorable kittens to adopt, with this you also do a great job of respecting the animals.
- But purebred catsalso have their qualities:
- As a consequence of the selection criteria made by breeders for many years, purebred cats have a well-established character, which we can know in advance; Which is more difficult to determine in a kitten who is the fruit of nightly love affairs between two stray cats!
- In addition, purebred cats have fixed physical characteristics and a “standard,which defines the external appearance and characteristic features.
What breed of cat to choose?
Only within the cat family we find 100 recognized breeds. To organize themselves, they are divided into 4 categories: in the first, there are the Persians and Exotics; in the second. those with semi-long hair while in the third there are those with short hair. Finally, in the fourth, there are the Siamese and Oriental.
Of purebred cats their demands, which does not occur in known common cats . Long and semi-long haired cats (Persian, Maine Coon) need more care than short haired breeds (Siamese, Carthusian, Burmese).
The Siamese and Oriental shorthair are very communicative and temperamental. The most suitable breeds for older people are the pensive Persian, the meek Biermano, and the withdrawn Carthusian .
The cats that accept the “moved” children’s games are: The Maine Coon, Ragdoll and Norwegian Forest. Very affectionate are the Abyssinian, the Siamese and the Turkish Angora.
Choose the sex of your cat: male or female?
The sex difference does not make a big difference between cats. Docile and exemplary examples are of both sexes. But if you want to provide your sedentary cat with a partner, it is best to be a male kitten that must be neutered before reaching sexual maturity.
In general, it is important to know that it is during the rutting season that cats are most agitated:
- Males tend to fight and leave frequent urine marks.
- Females meow very high-pitched to break your eardrums.
But this only applies to cats that are not spayed and living outside. If you live in a house and want to sterilize your cat, the sex of the kitten is of little importance.
Choosing your cat: allergy
If you are allergic to cats , you can still have one at home, of course, choosing the correct breed. In fact, in most cases, people are allergic to a protein made by cats , FEL D1. It is present in the saliva of the animal, and is deposited on its hair when licked. That is why it is believed that the allergy comes from the hair. Once the cat’s hair is shed, these allergenic proteins also spread, causing the allergy.
This protein, present in cat dander, causes an allergy reaction when it enters the body of people with an immune system that is very sensitive to these substances. The feline molecule activates, at that moment, an allergy reaction in the presence of a bacterial toxin common in people.
The body’s response is the allergy’s known sneezing and runny nose. People with asthma or who suffer from other added allergies (such as mites or pollen) have the most serious problem; as the reactions of your immune system are aggravated.
Choosing your cat: toxoplasmosis
If you want to have a cat, but you doubt it because you are pregnant or plan to be, and you are afraid of contracting toxoplasmosis , you should know that you can have it safely. In fact, there are different means of prevention against the disease.
Pregnant women and immunocompromised people are the two populations most at risk of developing health problems after exposure to Toxoplasma gondii . Infection in the uterus is of great concern in humans. Between one third and half of babies born to mothers who acquired Toxoplasma during pregnancy are infected. The vast majority of women infected during pregnancy do not have any symptoms, and most infected babies do not show symptoms of toxoplasmosis at birth. However, many of these children are likely to develop signs of infection later in life, including vision and hearing loss, mental retardation, and, in severe cases, death.
Cats should preferably be fed commercially prepared food and should not be allowed to eat raw meat or rodents. They must also be denied access to facilities where food is stored and have livestock that produce food.
The possibility of human exposure through the cats we live with is relatively small . Owning a cat does not mean that you are going to get infected with Toxoplasma .
Because Toxoplasma gondii in cat feces takes a minimum of 24 hours to sporulate and become infectious, frequent removal of feces from the litter box, wearing gloves, and washing hands afterward minimizes the chance of infection. You are unlikely to be exposed to the parasite by touching an infected cat, as they generally do not carry the parasite on their fur. You are also unlikely to get infected through cat bites or scratches. Indoor cats that do not hunt prey or consume raw meat are probably not infected with Toxoplasma gondii .
What are the selection criteria?
Choosing a cat is a wonderful time, however, this choice should be made in a calm manner. The first criteria for choosing a kitten should be its apparent good health . Examine it carefully to verify that everything is okay:
- That is vivacious, playful and curious.
- Your hair should be shiny, thick without being matted or tangled, and the skin should not scab or flake.
- Your eyes should be clean, clear and bright.
- Your nose, mouth, and ears should be clean and odor-free.
- Your belly should be firm, but not hard or bloated. A very pronounced abdomen can be a sign that you have worms.
- Your butt should be clean with no excrement.
The cat must also be sociable :
- They should not be shy and should be hugged without being too scared. If this were not the case, it would be a sign of poor socialization and you would be at risk of adopting a cat that would have conduct disorders throughout its life.
- If you take the cat by the skin of the neck, it should be allowed to touch, with the tail bent between the hind legs.
Where can I find the cat of my dreams?
You can buy it from a breeder, or maybe a friend or animal shelter can provide it.
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