Houseplants poisonous to a cat

Cats are attracted to nibbling on plants. They do not know that some can cause harmful effects and even death. To avoid disappointments, we must know what plants a house with a cat cannot have.

Many of the houseplants that we generally consider harmless can actually be poisonous to our cat. we show you which are the most common.

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Gastrointestinal symptoms

The ingestion of a poisonous plant is very common to produce symptoms of damage to the digestive system, such as vomiting and diarrhea, of greater or lesser intensity depending on the plant and the amount ingested.

In addition to these characteristic symptoms, the cat may feel abdominal pain, general discomfort and weakness. If we suspect that our cat has eaten a plant, even before it shows any symptoms, we should call the vet.

Many plants produce this symptomatology. Some more common examples are, if their bulbs are ingested:

  • amaryllis
  • hyacinth
  • the tulip
  • saffron

 

Any part of the plant if it is:

  • begonia
  • caladium
  • cyclamen
  • the clivia
  • choleus
  • Adam’s rib

On other occasions, it is the consumption of latex from inside the plant that causes gastrointestinal symptoms. As in the case of:

  • The croton
  • philodendron
  • poinsettia
  • the lilies
  • the daffodil
  • the potos
  • rhododendron
  • the sanseviera.

 

Neurological symptoms

They are all those that are going to cause damage to the nervous system with symptoms such as seizures, paralysis, incoordination, drowsiness, dilated pupils or encephalitis.

Plants like:

  • cyclamen
  • philodendron
  • the daffodil
  • choleus
  • rhododendron

They can trigger these types of symptoms. Choleus or rhododendron are even capable of generating hallucinations after ingestion.

 

Cardiorespiratory symptoms

Other plants can affect the functioning of the heart and respiratory activity. For example, they cause these damages:

  • caladium
  • diphenbaquia
  • philodendron
  • various types of lilies and
  • the daffodil
  • rhododendron
  • the sanseviera

Others of those mentioned instead, decrease the heart rate and cause hypotension. Sanseviera reduces the number of red blood cells in the blood.

Kidney and / or liver symptoms

The ingestion of some plants will cause kidney or liver damage.

  • cyclamen
  • the croton
  • philodendron

They can cause kidney failure. The croton also affects the liver.

 

Skin symptoms

Sometimes only contact with the plant is needed to produce lesions on the skin of greater or lesser severity and that can manifest as redness, inflammation, itching or even blisters. What causes an intense itch and that the cat scratches a lot .

This type of symptoms could appear in the mouth, pharynx, larynx, etc., if the cat ingests plants with these effects. They are plants that usually have calcium oxalate, responsible for causing irritation in the mouth and pain. Externally, we would detect hypersalivation, irritation, edema or swelling of the tongue or difficulties in swallowing.

The ingestion of these plants would also cause gastrointestinal symptoms.

  • anthurium
  • caladium
  • the clivia
  • Adam’s rib
  • the croton
  • the latex of diphenbaquia
  • the espatifillo
  • philodendron
  • poinsettia
  • the daffodil
  • rhododendron
  • the sanseviera

They are examples of plants of this type.

How to avoid poisoning

If at home we have any plants that can be toxic to the cat, we must place it somewhere that it does not have access to. To choose this location, it must be taken into account that cats can climb to high heights.

Most of the mentioned plants can also be found outdoors, depending on the weather, so we must not neglect precautions if our cat has access to the garden.

Nor should we forget that it is not necessary for the cat to eat a plant to become intoxicated . Some are capable of producing toxic reactions just by coming into contact with the skin , hence the importance of avoiding all contact.

Plant poisonings are more common in younger kittens. With them we must exercise extreme caution. We can also offer the cat catnip to meet its vegetable intake needs.

 

What do I do if my cat has eaten a toxic plant?

If we suspect that our cat has ingested or chewed on a potentially toxic plant, we must identify it and contact the veterinarian . The severity of the poisoning will depend on the part of the plant that has been eaten, since, in some, the leaf is not the same as the flower or the bulb.

 

With regard to the prognosis, the amount of plant that the cat has ingested and the time that has elapsed before receiving veterinary assistance is also important. Treatment, in the most severe cases, usually requires admission and fluid therapy, in addition to medication for the different symptoms.

In some cases it may be necessary to perform a stomach lavage. Due to the risks posed by poisoning and the difficulties of treatment, if applicable, it is worth keeping all precautions to prevent our cat from being poisoned by plants.

 

 

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