In recent times it is becoming fashionable to stop feeding cats with feed to pass or offer them a homemade, raw or BARF diet. This includes, above all, meaty bones, organ meats, vegetables and fruits.
But not all fruits, no matter how healthy and recommended they are for us humans, are suitable for cats to consume , since they contain substances that can be toxic to felines.
You may also be interested in: BARF raw cat food
Do cats eat fruit?
The truth is that it is not very common for cats to be interested in the consumption of this type of food, since they are eminently carnivorous . But in the diets prepared at home we may want to introduce some fruit, as recommended if we look for information and examples of recipes in this regard.
On the other hand, even if a cat eats a commercial menu, it may be interested in some fruit that we have at home or that we are consuming. Sometimes, even just for play and exploration, it may be enough for you to eat a sizeable portion.
Why are fruits toxic to cats?
A fruit is toxic to cats when its composition contains substances with harmful effects on their body , which can be different depending on each one. The severity of the poisoning also depends on the weight of the cat, its previous state, the amount it has consumed and how quickly we seek veterinary assistance.
It is essential that we go immediately to a clinic and tell the professional what we consider to be the source of the poisoning. It is also important that we specify, if possible, what is the amount consumed. Depending on the severity, treatment usually includes induction of vomiting, if action can be taken early.
Hospitalization is also contemplated to administer intravenous fluids and drugs, as well as to monitor the general condition of the cat. In some cases it is necessary to resort to stomach lavage or the administration of activated charcoal to absorb as much of the toxin as possible.
Symptoms of fruit poisoning in cats
Each toxin will trigger different damages in the body, depending on its action. For this reason, the symptoms of poisoning are not always the same and can be very variable.
Below we list the most common:
- Vomiting and hypersalivation, marked increase in thirst
- Diarrhea, abdominal pain. Lethargy.
- Tremors Lack of coordination. Respiratory problems.
- Dilated pupils.
- Tachycardia, that is, the heart beats fast.
- Renal insufficiency. Shock
Grapes, raisins and currants
They are very toxic to dogs, but the truth is that the possibility of poisoning in cats is anecdotal. What you do have to take into account is that only a small amount is capable of causing the damage, which can be as serious as acute kidney failure .
Note that, in this case, the damage is not always dose related. Therefore, in addition to controlling the intake of these specific fruits, you must monitor any food that contains them , such as bread or cookies or simply grape juice.
The exact mechanism that produces the poisoning is unknown. The symptoms that occur and that should alert us are, in addition to kidney failure, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the abdomen and anorexia.
Although they contain a toxin called persin, it is very rarely toxic to cats. Therefore, the main risk of avocado is that it can cause an obstruction in the esophagus, stomach or intestines , if part or all of the seed is ingested. Its high fat content is associated with pancreatitis.
The problem with this fruit lies in its seeds, its leaves and its stems, since they contain cyanide , a substance that manages to inhibit an essential enzyme for the transport of oxygen between cells.
In this way, the necessary oxygen does not reach all of them well. If the cat ingests a certain amount, it will present dilated pupils, breathing difficulties, decreased oxygen level in the blood, red and shiny gums, shock and even death .
You have to be very careful because the seeds of peaches, nectarines, plums, pears or cherries can produce the same effect, also due to the effect of cyanide.
Finally, we highlight the case of apples because it is a fruit that is often offered to animals. It is true that they are suitable and that they can be beneficial for our cats.
The problem is that the seeds are harmful, as a result of the cyanide they contain . Therefore, if we live with a cat that enjoys the apple, we must always make sure that we provide it without seeds.