The feline typhus , also known as infectious panleukopenia, is one of the most dangerous diseases that may develop our furry friends. Once the virus enters your body, it reproduces very quickly, thereby weakening your immune system. As a consequence, the animal is exposed to other diseases, which can cause death, especially if it is a puppy less than one year old.
Fortunately, today it is difficult for a cat to suffer from this disease, but if the vaccination guidelines recommended by veterinarians are not followed, the risk is high.
What is feline typhus?
This is a disease that is transmitted through the infection of a virus, specifically the feline parvovirus. It is known by various names, such as feline distemper, feline fever, or feline typhoid. This virus is found in the environment, so all cats are exposed to it at some point in their lives.
Once it enters, it destroys cells, especially those of the bone marrow, those of the intestines, and, also, developing fetuses. It is very, very contagious between felines (not just cats), but not between cat and person, since the virus does not affect humans.
How do I know if my cat has it?
The symptoms of this disease are very similar to those of others, such as infection with the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), or feline leukemia (VLF), so the final diagnosis can only be made by the veterinarian with an analysis full of cat feces. To this must be added that cats only express their discomfort when they can no longer . Even so, we can sense that something serious happens to him if:
- He is listless and sad, to the point that he spends a lot of time resting.
- You start to eat less and less, even not wanting to eat anything at all throughout the day.
- By eating less, you lose weight, so your growth stops.
- You have nausea and vomiting.
- You can go to the waterer, but you won’t drink much, or not at all.
- Their stools are very soft.
- You have nasal discharge.
- You may have a fever.
If he has any of these symptoms, do not hesitate for a moment to take him to the vet, as his life could be in danger.
How are cats infected with the feline typhus virus?
Cats that have been infected, or those that have been exposed to the virus in some way, can shed the virus through urine, feces, and / or nasal secretions. If a cat with a weak defense system comes into contact with the virus, it will enter their body. But also, it must be taken into account that this is a virus that can survive up to 1 year in the environment, so even if it is found in a bed or in a trough, it can still become infected .
Bearing this in mind, if you have a friend who is infected or you think he may be, you should keep him and his things isolated from others , as they could be infected.
Cleaning in these cases is of vital importance. To eliminate the virus, bleach can be diluted 1:32 in water, and used to clean the floor, beds, carpets and so on (for the feeder and the drinking fountain, a normal dishwasher will continue to be used for safety).
What are the cats most susceptible to it?
In general, anyone who has not been vaccinated, or is young or sick, is at high risk of contracting this disease , especially if they live in a warm climate.
Recovering a cat that has this disease is very difficult, especially when it is less than two months old. Unfortunately, there is no cure, so treatment consists of relieving symptoms, providing the animal with fluids and antibiotics until the immune system itself can take over.
Can you avoid feline typhus?
The truth is that yes, perhaps not 100%, but if some measures are taken, it is very difficult for our cat to have typhus. Those measurements are:
- Vaccinate it:one of the mandatory vaccines that must be administered to cats at 6-8 weeks of age is precisely that of feline panleukopenia. This vaccine is nothing more than an inactive virus that will cause the defense system to produce antibodies, which will keep the cat protected if it comes into contact with an active virus tomorrow.
- Clean the home conscientiously:although it is logical, it is very important to clean all the corners of the house, since as we said before, the virus can live up to 1 year in the environment.
Feline typhus is a very serious disease that urgently needs veterinary attention. If you see that there has been a change in your cat, even just a small detail, do not ignore it. See a professional as soon as possible.
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