Cats that live on the streets have to face many challenges every day in order to continue. They have to protect themselves from those people who treat them badly, from traffic in towns and cities, from inclement weather, from other furry ones … Survival is not easy for them, even if they grew up in that environment. In fact, it is estimated that their life expectancy does not exceed three years ; and there are many who do not meet both.
For this reason, when deciding to adopt one of them we have to know the diseases transmitted by stray cats , since this way we can take the appropriate measures to help him regain his health.
It is one of the most common and contagious diseases. It is caused by a fungus that, when manifested, appears circular red patches on the skin of the affected person . While not serious, you will need topical fungicidal medications to get better.
You should bear in mind that, although a cat can infect you, it is easier for you to contract it in humid places , such as swimming pools.
More on ringworm here .
This is a disease caused by a bacterium of the Bartonella genus, which infects the cat by fleas and ticks that carry this microorganism . It’s not serious either, but if you have a compromised immune system, you may need medical attention.
If a cat has it, biting or scratching a person could spread it . After a couple of weeks, symptoms will appear such as fever, fatigue, general malaise, bumps or blisters at the site of the injury, among others. If necessary, they will prescribe antibiotics.
More on cat scratch disease here .
Rabies is a viral infection of the central nervous system that can be transmitted by animals such as dogs, cats, and even people . The way in which the virus manages to reach the body of the affected person is through saliva. Sadly, it is deadly.
The most common symptoms are sudden mood swings, irritability, listlessness, and general malaise. With this in mind, the first thing to do when adopting a stray cat is to take it to the vet for examination , for its safety and for yours.
More on rabies in cats here .
It is the disease that worries people the most, especially pregnant women. It is transmitted by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii that is found in the feces of felines, who are the main hosts.
Although it is highly contagious, the only way to get it is by ingesting feces from an infected cat , something no one does on purpose. But when litter boxes are cleaned without gloves, it is easy to get fecal material on the fingernails, and if they are not washed well with soap and water, the parasite could infect us.
It is not serious, in fact there are usually no symptoms . But sometimes the doctor may recommend antibiotics.
More on toxoplasmosis here .
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia
These are two very contagious diseases among cats. If you already have a feline at home that you know is healthy, you never have to take a stray one that you see very sick without first going to the vet as you could put the life and health of your »old» friend at risk.
More on feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia . Whenever you have questions, consult a trusted professional.
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