Blue, green, amber … the eyes of cats acquire the most diverse shades in intensities more typical of precious stones. In fact, they are perhaps one of the attributes that most attract us to feline lovers about their anatomy. However, there are many curiosities about the eyes of cats that you probably do not know.
In this post you will discover if it is true that kittens can see in the dark , if they appreciate colors like us or how important they are to them, for example, to discourage other cats from invading their territory. Aspects that will help you to know and love even more, if possible, these precious life companions.
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8 Revelations of impact on the eyes of cats
The saying goes that the eyes are the reflection of the soul and cats do not escape this truth. Their eyes can intimidate, express well-being or anger, but they also help them navigate in the dark and hunt. Their nature endows them with more rods and cones in the retina than we do to adjust their modus operandi to low light conditions.
Cats see in the dark?
This is a myth that many take to be true . Although they see more clearly at night than during the day, we cannot say that they see in the dark. What happens is that their large eyes have a convex cornea, this coupled with the ability of their pupils to dilate makes it possible for a cat to see in the dark with minimal light input.
Do you know that cats are the mammals with the largest eyes that exist in proportion to the rest of their body? In contrast, with an amount of light that we can easily tolerate, they become dazzled, because the light-sensitive cells of their retinas have more rods than ours.
Your genetic role
Do you know that the eyes of cats are intimately linked to their genetic makeup? So much so that the Himalayan gene that causes a kitten to have short hair and blue eyes or that it presents, for example, the point pattern of the Siamese is recessive: if both parents have it, their offspring will replicate these physical characteristics.
Likewise, the W gene that enables a kitten to have a white coat and blue eyes carries information related to deafness . Therefore, depending on whether both eyes are blue or of another color, there will be a greater or lesser predisposition to present deafness or for it to be more or less intense.
An extension of your body language
Like the position of the ears or the movements of the tail, the eyes of the kittens reveal to us if it is threatened, relaxed or concentrated . You should look at the opening of his eyelids and the dilation of his pupils. If you are very concentrated or angry your pupils will be so dilated that they will be reduced to their minimum expression, to a straight line.
If they keep their gaze fixed on time, they are trying to make clear their control and hegemony over the territory they consider to be their property to warn their fellow human beings not to invade it. Otherwise, they will have to abide by its consequences.
If, on the contrary, its eyes are wide open and the pupils are not dilated, it will be an indication that the cat is happy and relaxed. Their ears will remain erect and their tail perched or making slow movements from left to right horizontally.
They are born with blue eyes
Cats are born blind and with their eyes closed. At 5-10 days after birth they open their eyes, which are blue. Your vision at this stage is blurred as a result of the lack of maturation of the iris and cornea. This maturation is reached at 3 months of age, when the cat presents its final eye color and complete visual acuity.
They don’t need tabs
Unlike humans, felines lack eyelashes, as they do not need them to lubricate their eyes. Your third eyelid, a membrane that lines each eyeball, does this to perfection.
Do you see black and white?
Although they don’t appreciate colors as sharply as we do, cats have been known to appreciate green and blue color scales, as well as shades of yellow. However, they are unable to display bright or saturated colors . This is due to the fact that they have a lower number of color discriminating cells.
200 degrees, but no side vision
Their field of view is wider than ours, 200 degrees versus our 180 degrees. However, when a cat is hunting his vision becomes selective and ignores what is happening around him. Therefore, it should not surprise you that if your pet is involved in a task, ignore you. He just hasn’t seen you.
Slow movements resist them
His hunting instinct conditions his ability to process slow movements. For this reason, they are better at picking up fast movements and enjoy toys that carry lights and move fast. In fact, specialists recommend the introduction of this type of toys to help them develop visual acuity .
As you can see, the eyes of cats contain many curiosities that make us understand the value they have for their survival. In fact, life expectancy among stray kitties who have lost an eye in a fight drops dramatically. Lacking reflections, they are easy to get hit.