Common skin diseases in cats

Common skin diseases in cats

The cat can be the victim of several skin conditions during its existence because it is regularly exposed to viruses, bacteria, parasites, especially since even a common skin disease can have another origin such as stress for example. Let’s put a little spotlight on the different causes of the most frequently diagnosed skin diseases in kitties, main symptoms who should alert and the type of treatment likely to be prescribed by the veterinarian once he has fully identified the disease and its origin.

Common skin diseases in cats: there are many causes

It is very common for a master to consult the veterinarian because his cat has been suffering from a skin disease for some time. The most commonly diagnosed in this animal are due to different factors. It can for example be:

    • From an autoimmune cause, when the body produces antibodies abnormally,
    • A skin problem whose origin is a food or contact allergy, for example, but also an allergy to flea bites,
    • feline acne,
    • scabies,
    • A skin condition caused by a parasite such as a flea (DAPP), or a bacterium,
    • From a mycosis like feline ringworm,
    • Skin problems due to:
        • stress (we then speak of psychodermatosis) which leads to behavioral problems including licking and scratching all the time,

       

        • a hormonal disorder or dysfunction,

       

        • to a virus (coryza, AIDS in cats or FIV, etc.).

       

Let’s not forget that the skin is a organ which suffers the full brunt of the slightest health concern but is also directly exposed to parasites, pollution, viruses… It is therefore not surprising that during its life, the cat can present one or other of the most common dermatoses in small felines since the causes are multiple. Some cats even have a genetic predisposition to idiopathic facial dermatitis, which is the case of the Hymalayan cat and the Persian cat. But it is not the most frequently diagnosed. Even rarer, plasma cell pododermatitis leads to impressive manifestations. Be careful, common does not mean that there are not others.

This is why at the slightest symptom, it is essential to go without delay to a veterinary clinic or an office to have the state of health of your animal checked. There early diagnosis is always preferable so that the kitty can quickly benefit from an appropriate treatment.

Skin disease in cats: symptoms to watch out for

A dermatosis can be suspected when the cat shows one or more of the following clinical signs:

    • Of the itching (pruritus) resulting in significant licking, biting and scratching that can lead to wounds and then their superinfection,
    • irritations,
    • Of the plates more or less red (erythema) when there is inflammation,
    • edema,
    • scales,
    • Of the dandruff,
    • Buttons,
    • black dots,
    • Of the thick crusts,
    • suppurations,
    • A hair loss or alopecia,
    • A modification of its fur, the hair can become greasy or dry, brittle, dull, sticky…

It also happens that the cat loses its appetite, loses weight and its general condition weakens. There, it is urgent to consult the veterinarian, on the one hand so that a solution can be found in order to improve the daily life of the animal but also because certain skin diseases in cats are dermatozoonoses. This means that they are transmissible to humans. Even if they do not present great dangers for humans (in the vast majority of cases), it is not desirable for a cat’s skin condition to be transmitted to all members of its foster family…

Skin disease in cats: treatments

We cannot here describe the treatments for skin conditions commonly diagnosed in cats because they are numerous and each care protocol is put in place case by case. It all depends on the skin disease involved, the extent of the symptoms and the general health of the cat. The veterinarian must therefore identify the disease and its origin in order to adapt the treatment.

This can be based on the prescription

    • A pest control,
    • From a fungal product,
    • an antibiotic,
    • From an anti-inflammatory…

At the same time, it is recommended to use dermatological lotions and shampoos for specific use. Sometimes the cat heals spontaneously that is to say without the need to administer treatment.

Be careful, we do not neglect the health of his little companion. Although most skin diseases in cats are common, complications are possible and the consequences can be serious.

Since parasites are frequently the cause of a common skin disease in cats, it is of course essential to check regularly the state of his fur as well as his undercoat in order to search for the possible presence of an undesirable. It can be noted that the chip is at the origin of a pulicosis because his saliva is irritating. It is therefore necessary to think about preventively treating your cat with an anti-flea. We also recommend, several times a week, brushing his fur and combing the entire coat with a very fine comb. And if we have several cats it is imperative to ensure treat them all with antiparasitics and to maintain them without distinction.

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