The chartreux is one of the oldest cat breeds that exist. Their shapes are rounded, especially on the face, where their wide cheeks seem to draw a smile on their face. It is also known by the name of the Carthusian cat .
This feline is very calm, affectionate and little meowing. Due to its blue fur and golden eyes, it is often mistaken for Russian blue or korat . Due to his past as a hunter, he greatly enjoys exploring and playing at his own pace.
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Characteristics of the chartreux cat
This breed has a robust, muscular and strong bearing. However, he displays great agility , as well as delicate movements. In adulthood it loses the shape of the shoulders, giving the feeling that the head is attached to the body without a neck.
|Weight from 4 to 8 kg males and 3 to 6 kg females|
|Short, dense and dense hair. Black color on the inside and greyish on the outside, also bluish|
|Trapezoidal head, with very rounded edges and prominent cheeks simulating a smile|
|Ears proportionate to the rest of the body and always erect|
|Large, round eyes in golden or copper tones. When the eyes are born they are lighter and at 3 months the orange hue is fixed that will fade over the years|
|Long tail, well populated and tapering towards the tip|
|Estimated longevity of 8 to 13 years|
|Difficulty caring for it low|
Character of the Chartreux cat breed
The Chartreux, also called Carthusian or Maltese cat, is an extremely calm, affectionate and playful feline . Despite being independent and enjoying his time playing or observing alone, he needs the company of humans with whom he forges a great bond.
It is said that his calm temperament comes from his time with the Carthusian monks, who infected him with their preference for calm environments, as if he had also made his particular vow of silence.
As good hunters, he loves games, even creating his own toys with whatever object he can find . Interactive games are very suitable for this breed, precisely because of their intelligence and curiosity.
Of course, he will always try to prevail or dominate over the rest when he interacts. He gets along well with children to whom he indulges everything. She loves to sleep and it won’t take long to see how she looks for an ideal place for her long naps.
Chartreux cat care
This breed is prone to being overweight , largely due to its voracity and its taste for rest. Therefore, you should preferably provide a quality feed, rich in protein and low in fat and sugar.
Dose the shots by offering him the food, in the morning and in the afternoon, instead of leaving it at his disposal. In turn, you should encourage him to exercise daily through the games, which he likes so much.
Despite having a short hair can also become entangled in it and formársele hairballs not we want to eat with their daily grooming. Brush it once a week using a fine-toothed comb to remove dead hair without damaging its skin.
You should intensify brushing in the shedding seasons (spring and autumn) doing it daily or at least 2-3 times a week. Bathe him once every semester and trim his nails at least twice a year.
Their ears tend to accumulate more earwax than other breeds. Consequently, you must be especially scrupulous with their hygiene. Also use a sterile gauze moistened with saline solution to clean your eyes.
Possible health problems of the Chartreux
The Carthusian has the privilege of being one of the healthiest feline breeds that exist . His only weaknesses in this regard are knee dislocations or hip dysplasia, motivated by his propensity for obesity.
Gingivitis, among other oral conditions, as well as ear infections are other of his Achilles heels in terms of health. A correct and regular hygiene will prevent its appearance, as well as the intake of dry feed in the specific case of gingivitis.
History of the breed and fun facts
Do you know that this breed is very popular in France? Not surprisingly, the naturalist Georges-Louis Lecrerc called these specimens ‘cats of France’ because of their roots there in the 18th century, probably after their arrival from Syria in the 12th century in full crusades.
Its origin is uncertain. Chartreux is estimated to come from Syria or from the mountains between Turkey and Iran . Likewise, it is believed that it came to France from the Middle East as a leather supplier. However, the first colonies were rare.
The effort of the Leger sisters in 1930 managed to enhance their presence on the island of Belle Lle e Mer, in French Brittany. The breed was officially recognized in 1939, but by the end of World War II it was on the verge of extinction.
Starting in 1980, it was decided to refine the selection criteria to relaunch its population. The crosses with the British shorthair of the 1960s had generated a multitude of variants. Today, it is one of the most beloved breeds on the old continent.
Do you know why it is called that? At the time of the plague, the Carthusian monks took in several of these cats to keep their facilities free of rodents. In addition to being effective, based on their calm character it seems that the experience was also rewarding.