We love our cat very much and we want him to be well always, but sometimes problems arise almost without realizing it, and that is when we really care about his health. One of those unpleasant surprises is feline alopecia , that is, excessive hair loss that can cause baldness in some areas of your body.
There are several causes that can cause it, so we are going to see them separately to know how to act.
These tiny organisms bite the cat making it very itchy . From scratching so much, you can end up with hairless areas. You have to keep the animal very controlled, since mites can cause scabies , and there is one type, otodectic mange, which is very contagious both from cat to cat and from cat to human.
The treatment consists of putting antiparasitics to eliminate the mites , and in the event that it has scabies, administering intravenous medications to the animal so that it can eliminate them.
Unfortunately, the cat may also have some type of allergy, the ones that cause alopecia are food and environmental ones . The first are due to the ingestion of certain foods that they cannot digest well, such as cereals that normally contain a lot of feed, and that cause redness of the skin in a small area, but which can spread to the rest of the body.
Inhaling allergens in the environment, such as pollen or dust mites, can also cause alopecia.
The treatment will consist of keeping the cat away from that allergen that causes itching and discomfort.
It is a glandular disorder characterized by the production of steroid hormones by the adrenal glands. One of the most common symptoms is hair loss in a symmetrical pattern .
Unfortunately, there is still no specific treatment for this disease. Medications are often combined with changes in diet.
The cat is a very sensitive animal , to the point that stress , boredom or changes that occur in the home can cause hair loss. To avoid this, you should keep the animal calm, love it as it deserves and use products such as Feliway if it is going to go through a stressful situation (such as going to the vet, for example).
It is the most common. A flea bites the cat, and it scratches as a result of the itchiness it causes. Normally, this is not usually a serious problem, but if the animal has many, it can end up with scabs and scales on its skin .
Its treatment is simple. It consists of putting an antiparasitic -such as a pipette, collar, spray- or administering a pill recommended by the veterinarian to eliminate them. In severe cases, it may be necessary to bathe the cat with a special shampoo, also recommended by the professional.
Hair loss in cats can be a sign that the thyroid gland is not working properly. The feline may have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, which are diseases that can cause flaking and alopecia .
The treatment will consist of supplying hormones so that the gland returns to fulfill its function.
As we have seen, feline alopecia can be a sign that the cat is not feeling well. In the event that you suspect that something is wrong with your friend, do not hesitate to take him to the vet.
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