Cat's claws: how to take care of them?  What problems can you encounter?

Cat’S Claws: How To Take Care Of Them? What Problems Can You Encounter?

Carefully brushing your cat’s fur is good, but it’s not enough. You also have to take care of your claws, which means cut them regularly. This is preferable for the well-being of the cat but also to limit the risk of scratches that can transmit a disease. Let’s take stock of the best method to use to cut the cat’s claws and on the gestures of prevention of the bartonellosis.

Characteristics Of Cat’S Claws

The cat’s claws are curved and retractile. They do not come into contact with the ground when the animal is moving. Thus, he progresses with velvet paws, without being noticed. But its claws cannot wear out while moving, unlike the non-retractable claws of wolves and dogs, for example.

However, when the cat “scratches” on a tree trunk (or on the couch…), not only does it mark its territory by depositing pheromones there, but it also eliminates the dead claws so that they can be replaced by new ones. do not forget that claws are the cat’s lethal weapon which he gladly uses against his predators.

Secondly, he can still count on his extremely sharp teeth, but that’s no reason to cut his tomcat’s claws too short. They must always allow him to defend himself, to hoist himself up to a post or to climb a tree trunk whether it is pure play or to protect himself in the event of imminent danger.

With age, the cat finds it more and more difficult to retract its claws. It is therefore also useful to cut them for this reason because, due to their very curved shape, they frequently fit into the animal’s pads. The claws of old cats are also very often embodied. This justifies a consultation with the veterinarian.

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Cutting The Cat’S Claws: The Best Method

It is necessary to accustom the cat as soon as possible to receiving care for its claws. This precaution will subsequently limit the risk of being bitten or scratched by your animal. For take care of your cat’s claws the method is as follows:

  • Bring a claw cutter (it must be reserved for the animal only).
  • Ask for help from a third person to hold the cat if it does not support this type of care.
  • Hold the end of one foot and exert pressure on the pad with the thumb and index finger to spread the fingers and bring out the claws.
  • Cut only the white tip of each claw holding the nail clipper perpendicular to the foot. Under no circumstances should you touch the pulp, recognizable by its pinkish hue, as this would lead to bleeding. The pulp contains blood vessels. In addition, the animal may not like it at all. If, despite all the precautions, the claw cutter has inadvertently attacked the pulp, simply disinfect immediately or place on the mini-wound of the silver nitrate.
  • Continue care with the cat’s other feet.
  • Then go to ergot which must also be maintained in the same way as the other claws.

It is advisable to reward the kitty so that he is even more patient the next time. The frequency of care being one session per month, you might as well make sure that no one is stressed.

If even with help, cutting your cat’s claws is definitely an impossible mission, you can entrust the task to the veterinarian or contact a groomer specialized.

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Bartonellosis, cat scratch disease

Bartonellosis is a bacterial disease transmissible to humans by:

  • Eye contact with dirty hands,
  • cat scratches,
  • Cat bites.

The bacterium responsible for this zoonosis is Bartonella henselaea Gram-negative bacillus, that is to say that a staining technique allows its detection through a microscope.

Although it rarely leaves sequelae, cat scratch disease is the cause of eye problems more or less serious. It also leads to muscle aches. In the most serious cases, it is responsible for neurological damage.

Any contaminated cat must be followed by a veterinarian in order to benefit from an appropriate treatment.

How To Prevent Bartonellosis

It is imperative to treat any wound in the cat and to treat the animal frequently as a preventive measure against certain parasites such as ticks and fleas likely to transmit bartonellosis. The master of the animal must also ensure that his cat is clean. For this, it must be maintained very regularly and take care of its claws.

Prevention also involves the education of the cat and the attitude of the masters towards the small feline. Indeed, it is necessary to avoid encouraging the cat to scratch or bite from an early age, and on the contrary to educate it so that it is not tempted to do so, even if it is simply for play.

Cat owners or breeders should take preventive measures at the collective level.

All these precautions allow limit the risk factors of bartonellosis. The behavior to adopt towards dogs is the same because they can also be carriers of the bacteria, even if this is less common in canines than in cats.

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In humans, prevention implies that any scratch or bite from a cat or dog is systematically disinfected immediately and repeatedly. Similarly, you must at all costs avoid rubbing your eyes after touching a cat (or a dog).

Generally, cat scratch disease usually heals spontaneously. In other cases, treatment with antibiotics is needed to eradicate the disease.

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