The cat is one of the main pets. Very tender and cuddly, this animal has no less than fifty species around the world and is increasingly protected by law. There are around 600 million cats meowing in thatched cottages around the world. This follower of small prey is very sociable and influenced by the treatment he receives from his master. Its maintenance is also often delicate and has a direct impact on its health and behavior. Thus, before adopting a cat, there are a lot of practices that must be imbibed.
Cat sterilization: what for?
Spaying is a medical process that involves making your pet sterile. It is a recurring practice among pets. In cats, it allows, among other things, to avoid all the problems subsequent to periods of heat. The primary purpose of sterilization is to prevent procreation, which is usually at the convenience of the animal owner. Several techniques can be used to carry out sterilization, depending on whether it is a cat or a cat. All these techniques are not without consequences, it is, therefore, advisable to consult a veterinarian before engaging in such a practice.
Beyond the simple convenience of the owner, the sterilization of the cat is concerned with limiting the uncontrolled proliferation of the animal. It turns out that the cat is a very fertile animal. Imagine that in one year, a cat is able to make three litters of 4 kittens. You can imagine very well the number of kittens that can result from it the following year. As all these cats cannot be taken care of by owners and specialized establishments, the fate of the majority will not always be bright. It is therefore more appropriate to limit the risks of range.
In addition, sterilization would also have a regulatory effect on certain behaviors in cats overall. When the cat is in heat, for example, it tends to develop a number of unpleasant behaviors for the owner. Between aggression, running away and other unpleasant behaviors, owners often find themselves obliged to sterilize their cat to take advantage of the latter’s sociable nature.
In any case, the benefits of castration of the cat greatly outweigh the inconvenience that can result. The neutered cat is often overweight which distinguishes it from normal cats. Better yet, experiments prove that sterilization affects a cat’s life expectancy. While unsterilized cats live an average of 6 to 10 years, a neutered cat can live an average of 14 to 18 years.
Why sterilize a male?
The male tends to develop a particular aggressiveness, whether it is to mark his territory or to conquer a female. This attitude generally gives rise to fights that give rise to scratches and all of them result in sequelae (injuries, illnesses, handicaps, etc.). In addition, the cat is known for its many runaways during which it may be inclined to mate. Sexually transmitted diseases are therefore very possible and can be fatal for your cat.
Fortunately, sterilization or castration (for the male) largely solves all these problems. It will be neither more nor less than a surgical operation which consists of permanently removing the testicles of your cat. The cat castrated in time loses its need for marking, which makes it calmer, more home-like, less active, less violent with other cats, and therefore less exposed to fights.
Many owners also use vasectomy to sterilize the male. This technique consists of cutting the vas deferens, thus limiting the production of sperm. Although it renders the cat sterile, this method has no effect on the cat’s behavior. It only consists of limiting proliferation.
Why sterilize a female?
In the cat, sterilization has many advantages, much more than in the male for that matter. The cat, apart from the deviant behaviors that she may have in common with the male, is known to be partially noisy through her untimely meows when she is in heat. In addition, she is very exposed to breast tumors and infections of the uterus when she leads a normal life. Sterilization is the miracle solution to all these possible troubles. It categorically prevents periods of heat and effectively limits all the inherent consequences.
Just like in the male, there are several methods to achieve this result. Sterilization can be chemical when it involves giving a contraceptive pill or an injection every six months. This technique is not the most recommended because it can prove to be carcinogenic for your feline. On the other hand, its main advantage is that it is temporary, that is to say, that the treatment will be interrupted if you want your pregnant cat.
At the same time, surgical sterilization remains the most practiced and the least risky. It consists of the simple removal of the ovaries or the removal of the uterus. Unlike chemical sterilization, this is permanent and presents no risk of cancer. Even if it can intervene at any time of his life, it is recommended to carry out the operation before the first heat (5 to 6 months after birth). Thus, your cat will grow up without ever feeling the need to mate and especially without asking you the related behavioral problems.
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