Brachycephalic cat breeds

Persian, exotic shorthair, Burmese and Himalayan cats share a particular skull morphology. Its facial structure is shorter and wider than that of other feline breeds. Consequently, their nasolacrimal duct is smaller, which entails certain disadvantages for their well-being.

This circumstance triggers certain inconveniences, with brachycephalic syndrome or congenital obstructive disease of the upper respiratory tract being the most severe. In the following lines we delve into the symptoms and the treatment of these anomalies.

  • You may also be interested in: How to clean a cat’s eyes with chamomile

Brachycephalic cats, breeds and characteristics

Flat-faced felines owe their peculiar features to genetic selection, the result of selective breeding that has historically pursued purely aesthetic purposes. In fact, Persian cats are globally appreciated and have been used to create many breeds with their particular sweet and affectionate stamp.

However, in view of the respiratory pathologies and the problems associated with them suffered by these specimens, many experts agree that their breeding and selection should be limited .

Let’s see which are the main breeds of brachycephalic cats and their main characteristics.

The persian cat

Worldwide known and loved for its tender gaze, the Persian is a cat with compact lines and long, dense hair. It is believed that it comes from the crossing of the Turkish Angora with the Pallas cat, a native of present-day Iran.

Its characteristic beauty lies precisely in its flat face and its large eyes, which are very expressive. Being a brachycephalic breed, you should not neglect the daily hygiene of their eyes with physiological saline or chamomile to prevent the skin from oxidizing due to continuous tearing and developing dermatitis.

  • Characteristics of the Persian cat

The exotic shorthair cat

This breed is the short-haired version of the Persian cat. Therefore, it shares with her the robust corpulence and the short legs and tail. Its distinguishing feature is that the upper part of the nose must coincide with the lower eyelid . In turn, the jog should be located in the middle part of the eyes.

Like the Persians they are calm specimens that appreciate domestic life, they are affectionate and easy to train.

 

Burmese cat

Also known as Sacred of Burma, due to its origin in ancient Myanmar, it is a feline with semi-long hair and a slender body as well as muscular. Its most outstanding peculiarity are its eyes of an intense blue and the white spots, like gloves, on its legs, on the tip of its tail and on the ends of its ears.

Halfway between the Persian and the Siamese, it is less flat than the Persian but requires the same care to ensure its full well-being. Due to its playful, patient and curious nature, it is an ideal breed for families with children.

  • Complete information about the Burmese cat breed

The himalayan cat

The result of a cross between Siamese and Persians, this brachycephalic breed with a more or less flat nose is born. It has inherited the color point pattern of the Siamese and its penetrating eyes, while the Persian comes with its abundant and long coat. They are docile and affectionate cats that appreciate the company of humans.

 

Brachycephalic cat health problems

The fact that the nasolacrimal duct of these specimens is shorter than that of the rest of the breeds leads to two clear consequences: a continuous tearing that requires extreme ocular hygiene and their soft palate forces them to be kept away from stress and high temperatures.

  • Symptoms of stress in cats

El estrechamiento de los orificios nasales o narinas y el acortamiento de la traquea justifica la prohibición de las aerolíneas de viajar con estas razas. Su morfología los hace especialmente susceptibles de sufrir golpes de calor, una situación que se ve agravada por el estrés y el calor, inherentes a los viajes en la bodega de un avión.

El síndrome braquicéfalo se manifiesta en la dificultad para respirar o en la respiración ruidosa, en la tos y en la intolerancia al ejercicio físico. Son gatos que tienden a jadear cuando se les expone al ejercicio durante cierto tiempo.

A estos signos de malestar se les suman otros trastornos (gastrointestinales, oculares, dentales y cutáneos) que desarrollamos a continuación:

  • Las disfunciones oculares son debidas a la obstrucción de los conductos lacrimales que impiden que las lágrimas puedan drenar internamente. Este continuo goteo oxida la piel mostrándola de una tonalidad marrón. Deberás limpiar sus ojos a diario recurriendo al suero fisiológico, manzanilla o a soluciones específicas para prevenir lesiones en esta zona.
  • Las deformaciones craneales desencadenan con el tiempo afecciones dentales que solo pueden prevenirse con una minuciosa y periódica higiene dental. Para ello, deberás emplear un cepillo de dientes adecuado y un dentífrico de bajo contenido en flúor (específico para gatos).
  • El exceso de secreciones deriva en dermatitis en los pliegues de la cara. Para evitarlo se han de higienizar dichos pliegues, especialmente los de la zona de la nariz, con una solución antiséptica una vez por semana.

No todos los gatos braquicéfalos tienen por qué manifestar todos estos síntomas. Por ello, el veterinario deberá prescribir un tratamiento personalizado. El recurso más empleado suele ser la cirugía con el fin de corregir las malformaciones de las narinas y del paladar blando.

 

Algunos gatos agradecen la aplicación de lágrimas artificiales, sobre todo, llegados a una edad avanzada, y todos ellos, con independencia de su edad, deben seguir una dieta baja en calorías para prevenir a toda costa la obesidad, ya que anticiparía el síndrome braquicéfalo o lo agravaría.

Ultimately, we could say that brachycephalic cat breeds must pay a certain price for their peculiar beauty. Therefore, if you are the owner of one of these felines, do not neglect the care it requires or expose it to an excessive level of activity, and even less if it is to high temperatures.

What cat breeds are brachycephalic?

Are British shorthair cats brachycephalic?

Are Ragdoll cats brachycephalic?

 

Is there any breed of cat that stays small?

Do Persian cats breath fast?

What are some symptoms of brachycephalic syndrome?

How can I help my cat breathe better?

What kind of cat has a pushed in face?

How much are brachycephalic cats?

 

Are Persian cats healthy?

Are Persian cats deformed?

How are nasal polyps diagnosed in cats?

Can cats breathe through their mouth?

What causes eye crust in cats?

 

What is a snub nose cat?

Where can I buy an exotic shorthair cat?

How much does a flat face cat cost?

Can Himalayan cats fly?

Why is my cat’s nose flat?

What is a flat faced cat?

Do Himalayan cats have breathing problems?

 

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