American Wirehair Cat Breed
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American Wirehair Cat Breed – All Information, Facts, Care and Price

Originally from New York State, the American wirehair cat has a wiry, crimped coat that is the result of a natural genetic mutation that results in its wiry and crimped appearance. Generally speaking, these cats are good companion animals because of their love, easygoing nature, and affection. These kitties have a strong sense of independence that makes them an ideal fit for owners who have busy lifestyles, as they are true New Yorkers themselves.

As a breed of cat, American wirehairs are fairly rare, despite the fact that they are arguably one of the most well-known breeds in the world. There is a tendency for breeders to sell these cats for between $800 and $1200 apiece, depending on their pedigree. I have outlined all the information you need to know about American wirehair kittens and cats, if you are looking for a new family pet or simply would like to learn more about this breed.

Other Quick Facts

  • As much as this cat’s coat looks like it’s high maintenance, it’s almost completely maintenance-free, requiring no brushing or combing at all except for when it sheds its old fur in the spring.

  • A crimped coat of the American Wirehair is characterized by a thick, coarse texture with a crimped appearance. Colors and patterns can be chosen from a wide range of choices.

  • There is a close relationship between the American Wirehair and the American Shorthair, which is often crossed between the two breeds.

Personality

In my opinion, the American Wirehair cat makes a very pleasant companion for anyone who owns one. She has a calm demeanor and is easy to get along with. Generally, Wirehairs are very loving cats that will attach themselves to all the members of their family when they are around.

The Wirehair plays a lot, but she does not require hourly attention, even though she enjoys playing. When she feels like playing, she will bring her parent a toy if she is in the mood for it. Besides playing well by itself, the Wirehair is also a good companion for single people, since she enjoys playing by herself.

Despite the fact that American Wirehairs have coarse, unruly hair, they are anything but unruly in their personalities. The American Wirehair is a breed of cat that enjoys the attention and affection of the people in the family as well as being loyal and playful to them. In addition to being active and affectionate without being overbearing, they are also calm without being abrasive.

In terms of personality, American Wirehairs are similar to their American Shorthair counterparts, being mild-mannered, middle-of-the-road cats. As they are not demanding, they enjoy the attention they receive from their family while at the same time retaining their independence. They are agile and fun-loving dogs, and they often enjoy playing fetch with their owners, while being a bit more playful and active than their American Shorthair counterparts. If necessary, they can entertain themselves by playing interactive toys with their family.

They are generally well-behaved around other pets and children as well. They have been reported to be especially sensitive to their people’s feelings and have been said to offer comfort and companionship when they feel blue at the expense of their human companions. As soon as they have turned on the purrs, they look at them with support in their eyes and turn on the purrs as well.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Affectionate and playful
  • Quiet
  • No genetic health issues
Cons
  • Rare (few breeders)
  • Needs a lot of attention

Appearance

Despite what their name suggests, American wirehair cats are known for their coarse and thick coats that are rough to the touch and appear to be wiry as a result. It has a medium-sized, muscular body that appears round and thick in shape, and it weighs between 8 and 12 pounds, and is typical that they are between 8 and 12 inches tall.

A crimped coat is characteristic of this breed of cat with bent or waved hairs around her body and in her ears. Some even have curly whiskers on their faces and bodies! The American wirehair cat is a short-haired cat and can come in a variety of colors, including solid black, blue, white, red, or cream. It is common for these cats to have coat patterns similar to the chinchilla (a metallic color), smoke, cameo, calico, tabby, and bicolor patterns. At the outer corner of their eyes, they have large, bulging eyes that tilt slightly upwards. There are three types of eyes color that can be found in American wirehairs: blue, green, and gold.

Due to their crimped textures, American wirehairs are considered by some to be hypoallergenic cats, due to the fact that loose hairs are tightly tucked away on their body. Despite the fact that they are not completely allergen-free (there isn’t one) their coat is able to keep shed hairs to a minimum and can be a little less aggravating to some allergy sufferers. Taking the time to spend time with an American wirehair kitten before bringing one home will allow you to see if that breed is compatible with your allergies.

A wirehaired dog is often compared to a shorthaired dog due to their similar appearances. Even though these two breeds do have many similarities, the main difference between them is in the hair texture – the American shorthair does not have the coarse, curly coat of a wirehair.

Need to Know

  • Affection Level : High
  • Friendliness : Medium
  • Kid-Friendly : High
  • Pet-Friendly  : Medium
  • Exercise Needs : Medium
  • Playfulness : High
  • Energy Level : Medium
  • Intelligence : High
  • Tendency to Vocalize : Low
  • Amount of Shedding : Low

ORIGINUnited States
HEIGHT9–11 inches
LIFE SPAN10–16 years
GOOD WITHchildren seniors dogs cats families
TEMPERAMENTsociable affectionate bold
INTELLIGENCEhigh
SHEDDINGnormal
PLAYFULNESSmedium
HYPOALLERGENICNo
EYE COLORGold or blue
ACTIVITY LEVELcalm
VOCALNESSinfrequent
COAT LENGTHshort/Medium hair
LENGTH:Up to 15 inches
WEIGHT8–12 pounds
SIZEMedium to Large
COLORSwhite, black / ebony, red / orange, blue / gray, lavender / silver, cream / beige / tan, fawn
PATTERNSsolid, bi-color, tabby, calico / tri-color, color point
PERSONALITYQuiet, affectionate, shy with strangers, energetic, and playful
OTHER TRAITSeasy to train, easy to groom, friendly toward humans, friendly toward other pets, friendly toward strangers, tolerates being alone, high prey drive, high potential for weight gain, good for first-time pet owners, good lap cat, tolerates being picked up
PRICEbetween $800–$1,200

Temperament

Unlike many other breeds, American wirehairs have a loving, relaxed attitude, which makes them a wonderful companion breed. The easygoing nature of this cat makes it a good fit for almost anyone, whether they’re dogs, other cats, kids, or seniors. It is likely that this affectionate breed will form an attachment with any member of the household given the amount of love it has to give.

It is important to note that wirehairs are intelligent, playful, and independent animals. There is a lot of activity and affection between them, but they are not demanding or hyperactive in any way. While these well-mannered cats love to interact with their humans, they are also perfectly happy to spend a lot of time playing alone with their toys when they are not being played with by their owners.

There is nothing they love more than snuggling up next to their humans and offering comforting cuddles and purrs when they are not playing. Cats like these make wonderful pets for families, as they are friendly, sweet, and gentle.

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Physical Attributes

Body

Large to medium in size. In the right posture, the back is leveled, the shoulders and hips are the same width, and the torso is rounded and proportioned.

Head

The size of the head should be proportional to the size of the body. There are prominent cheekbones underneath the cheekbone structure of this dog, and the muzzle and chin are well developed. The whiskers have a slight break in them. There is a gentle concave curve at the tip of the nose when seen in profile.

Ears

There are medium sized, slightly rounded tips and the base is not overly open and is set wide.

Eyes

Despite the large size and shape, they are bright, clear, and rounded. Make sure that they are well separated from each other. The aperture of the camera is tilted slightly upwards. There is a certain intensity to the color that complements the cat’s color, and it reflects intensity.

Legs & Paws

It has medium-sized and well-muscled legs, which are well proportioned to its body, with good bone structure. A firm paw, rounded and full, with thick pads and a full shape. Five toes on each foot, five on each side, and four on each side.

Tail

Having a well-rounded rump, tapering to a rounded tip, neither blunt nor pointed, which is proportionate to the body.

Coat

There is a springiness, a tightness, and a medium length to it. In addition to the hair within the ears, there are also individual hairs that are hooked, crimped, or bent. It can be said that the coat is characterized by a wire-like appearance, coarseness, and resilience. As a result of the density of wired coats, ringlets instead of waves are formed as a result. There are various types of coats, including thick, dense, resilient, coarse, and crimped. There are also types with curly whiskers.

Color

Depending on the lighting conditions, any color or pattern may be visible.

Living With

Having a thick, muscular body type, the American Wirehair is a cat which requires careful control of their nutrition. While cats have a lot of bone and muscle, you need to make sure they keep a proper weight and that they don’t get out of shape despite the fact that they have heavy boning and musculature.

If the Wirehair is in the mood for playing, she will do so when she wants to and will make a toy out of anything she sees or finds. Keeping her in good shape and making sure that she gets adequate exercise may require playing interactive games with her in order to keep her in good health. Playtime can easily be incorporated into the Wirehair’s daily grooming routine as part of a daily brushing session. There are multiple layers of fur on the Wirehair’s coat, unlike the curly-coated cats, which allows her to be brushed easily. When you are brushing the coat, you do not have to worry about breaking any of the hairs.

There is no problem with leaving the Wirehair alone as long as it is kept safe. In addition to being an affectionate cat, she also spends a lot of time just lying in the sun to relax. A Wirehair cat makes a wonderful, quiet companion, and it is a very easy cat to care for.

As far as pet cats go, American wirehairs tend to be pretty low maintenance as far as their needs are concerned. In addition to their independent nature, wirehairs can tolerate being left alone for a long period of time without feeling lonely or anxious thanks to their independent nature. The relaxed nature of this breed makes it a good fit for families that have a lot of activities going on outside the home – but you must still be able to provide enough love and affection when you are at home.

This peaceful, patient cat isn’t too loud and prefers to communicate its needs by using other means than by making noise. Since your wirehair dog will not always be vocal about her desires, you will need to pay close attention to her body language and demeanor in order to understand her. There is one positive side to American wirehairs; because of their quiet nature, they make good apartment pets, since they will likely not disturb neighbors with their loud meowing.

American wirehairs are not merely polite roommates, but they are very loving and friendly pets who are equally friendly with other pets and people. There is no doubt that they will get along well with most of the family members and visiting guests, and that they love to cuddle with children (so long as the little ones are gentle with them).

The cats in this picture are true micers who love to hunt mice. In their domain, rodents and insects will have no chance of surviving. If they are running out of prey to hunt through the halls of their home, it’s likely that they are watching birds from a window seat if they are lacking in prey. In order to help their natural hunting skills be honed, interactive toys can be left out to help American wirehairs find their own ways to hone them.

Care

Even though they have a thick, textured coat, American wirehair cats are relatively easy to groom, considering their heavy coats. The frequent brushing of their unique coat can actually be harmful, so you will need to limit your brushing and only brush them when necessary-such as when there is heavy shedding going on. It is a good idea to give your American wirehair an occasional bath in order to get rid of dead hair and prevent her coat from becoming greasy. It is also important to make sure that she receives regular nail, ear, and dental care.

There is a similar exercise routine to that of most other cat breeds in the American wirehair, with regular bursts of energetic play being paused by long periods of sleeping. It is important to keep your cat active by providing toys, cat trees, and one-on-one play with you.

This breed of cat is known for its super-smartness and love of learning. You should usually be able to introduce them to scratching posts as well as litter boxes in a very easy manner.

In order to feel comfortable and safe, an American wirehair needs to be socialized at an early age. Almost anyone that comes into contact with this cat will be friendly and playful with her once she has been properly introduced to friendly people and pets.

Your veterinarian will recommend that you feed the American wirehair a diet of high-quality cat food that is recommended by the manufacturer. The key to preventing overweight children is to provide them with good nutritional habits and achieve weight control on a regular basis,” Marks explains.

Health

The average lifespan of an American wirehair is 10 to 16 years, and they are usually healthy as pets.

In addition to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), one of the greatest risks to the health of the American wirehair is hip dysplasia. It is important to have your kitten regularly screened by your breeder for health issues as they grow, not just when they are kittens, but up until they become adults. Your cat may go undetected until late in its lifetime if he or she is suffering from HCM or other health problems.

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Exercise

In spite of its name, American wirehairs are not a breed of dogs that will just waste their time sitting on your lap all day long. Despite the fact that wirehairs enjoy affection, they also possess a strong sense of agility and energy. As a result, they thrive on exercise and enrichment as a means of preventing boredom from setting in.

The American wirehair may not be the best breed for you if you are away from home for most of the day, because you may not be at home much. Generally, these cats are very happy when they are surrounded by friends, including respectful children and even family dogs, as long as they are introduced properly to them.

It is not uncommon for cats of this breed to not be vocal, but they are known for being prolific purrers, so you will have no problem recognizing when your kitty is happy or at ease.

Common Health Problems

As one of the healthiest breeds of cats on earth, the American wirehair is one of the most popular breeds. This breed has been bred using a rigorous and reputable breeding program that is dedicated to perpetuating the hardy genetics that have been bred into the breed.

Diet and Nutrition

In the same way that any cat should be fed a high-quality diet, the American wirehair is no different. In addition to the fact that cats are natural carnivores, they require a diet that is high in protein as well as vitamin and mineral supplements that are carefully balanced.

What You Need to Know About American Wirehair Health

In the same way that all people have the potential to inherit medical conditions from their fathers and mothers, all cats have the potential to inherit genetic health problems. It is either a lie or a lack of knowledge on the part of the breeder to believe that her breed has no health or genetic issues, depending on whether the breeder is lying or not. You should run, don’t walk, away from breeders who are not willing to give a health guarantee on kittens, who say that the breed is 100% healthy and has no known problems, or who say that her kittens are isolated from the rest of the household for reasons of their health.

Although the American Wirehair is generally healthy, he is susceptible to some of the same problems that affect his counterparts in the American Shorthair breed, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, because he can be crossed with other breeds.

There are many different types of heart diseases that can affect cats, but hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common one. Heart muscle thickens (hypertrophy) as a result of this disease. In order to diagnose HCM in a cat, an echocardiogram must be performed. Whenever you find a breeder who claims to have lines free from HCM, you should avoid them. It is impossible for anyone to guarantee that their cats will never develop hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. There is a need for American Wirehairs to be screened for HCM prior to breeding, and any cats that are found to be suffering from HCM should be removed from breeding programs. It would be very wise not to buy a kitten whose parents have not been tested for this disease before buying it.

It is always wise to purchase a puppy from a breeder who offers a written health guarantee as part of the purchase agreement.

You have the power to protect your new kitten from one of the most common health problems: obesity, once you have taken him into your home and you have given him a cosy home to live in. One of the easiest ways that you can protect the health of your American Wirehair is to keep him at an appropriate weight as much as possible. In order to help ensure that your cat lives a longer and healthier life, you should maximize your ability to prevent disease.

The Basics of American Wirehair Grooming

It is best for this coat to require as little grooming as possible. In case he sheds heavily, you should leave it alone, but if he is brushing or combing a lot, you may cause damage to it. In addition to removing dead hair, regular bathing also helps to prevent the coat from getting greasy at times, which is a sign that the coat is becoming unhealthy. When you introduce bathing to an American Wirehair kitten when he is a kitten and make the experience pleasant for him, he is more likely to accept it as a part of his daily life. The only other thing you will need to take care of him is cutting his nails regularly, brushing his teeth regularly with a pet toothpaste approved by your veterinarian, and occasionally cleaning his ears using cotton balls and an ear cleaning solution recommended by your veterinarian.

Choosing an American Wirehair Breeder

The most important thing you can do before bringing an American Wirehair home is to make sure he is happy and healthy. The following websites can be used to find reputable breeders to recommend: Cat Fanciers Association, Fanciers Breed Referral List, and The International Cat Association offer breeder recommendations.

In order to maintain a good reputation in this field, breeders are expected to adhere to a code of ethics that prohibits them from selling their animals to pet stores and wholesalers while outlining their responsibility to both their cats and their customers. In order to ensure that genetic health problems are excluded to the extent that is possible, you should choose a breeder who has performed the health certifications necessary as well as one who knows how to raise kittens in the home. Having been isolated for some time can make kittens fearful and skittish, which can make them difficult to socialize later in life when they are older.

A big question is how can you tell if a breeder is reputable or not if they have a website, because there are a lot of them? Cats are always available in the shop, there are multiple litters on the premises, you can choose any kitten you want, and you can pay online with a credit card. These are red flags. Although these things may be convenient to have, they are almost never associated with breeders who are known for being trustworthy.

In other words, when it comes to getting a feline friend, you need to be aware of that old adage “let the buyer beware”, no matter where you buy your feline friend from. It can be hard to distinguish between a reputable breeder and an unhealthy cattery, especially when it is hard to distinguish between them. Although it is impossible to guarantee that you will never purchase a kitten that is ill, it is still possible to reduce the chances of heading into a disastrous situation by researching the breed (to ensure you know what to expect), checking out the facilities (to look for unhealthy conditions or sick animals), and asking the right questions. As a last resort, make sure you ask your veterinarian if they can recommend a reputable breeder, a breed rescue organization, or any other source of kittens that are healthy and well-bred. The same amount of time and effort that you would put into choosing a new car or an expensive appliance, you should put into choosing a kitten. In the long run, you will end up saving a lot of money by doing this.

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In order to find the right breeder, you must be patient once you locate him or her. The American Wirehair is a rare breed of cat, and there is usually a wait list if you are looking for a pet-quality kitten. When you are trying to find a kitten with a particular pattern or color, it’s not uncommon to have to wait for several months or even more before you are able to get your hands on one. The majority of breeders will not allow kittens to be taken into new homes until they are between the ages of 12 and 16 weeks old.

The first thing you should consider when purchasing a kitten is whether an adult American Wirehair would fit your lifestyle better than a kitten would. The kitten stage is known to be one of the most fun times of your life, but it can also be quite the task, as kittens can be quite destructive until they reach the more sedate age of two. If you’d like to own a cat that’s a little older, you may want to ask breeders if they have any retired show or breeding cats that need a new home.

Adopting a Cat from American Wirehair Rescue or a Shelter

It is important to remember that a breeder is not the only source for an adult cat. In most shelters you will not be able to find pedigreed American Wirehair dogs. However, their domestic shorthair cousins are readily available for adoption. It is also possible to find American Wirehair cats that are up for adoption at local shelters, on Petfinder, or by contacting breeders if they know of any who are in need of a new home if you prefer a pedigreed cat. There are times when breeders like to place their cats in homes with pets once their career as a show cat or as a breeding cat has come to an end.

In order to get your American Wirehair, regardless of how you acquire it, make sure that you have a good contract with the seller, shelter, or rescue group in order to protect yourself. In states with “pet lemon laws,” it is important to make sure that both you and the person from whom you purchase the cat understand your rights and options.

It is very important that as soon as you find a good American Wirehair match, you take your kitten or adult to a veterinarian as soon as possible in order to detect any problems and set up a preventative regimen so that any future health problems can be prevented.

Children And Other Pets

American Wirehairs are an easygoing, playful breed that is perfect for families with children or people who have cats as pets. His intelligence allows him to learn tricks and he enjoys the attention he receives from children who are polite to him and treat him with respect. As long as the dogs don’t get in his way, he should be able to get along well with them. It should be noted that although he is a skilled hunter, if he is presented with pet birds or other small animals at a young age, he may eventually learn to leave them alone. It is always best to separate yourself from others when in doubt, however. Whenever you introduce a new pet, even if it is another cat, always do this slowly and in a controlled manner.

History

There is a similarity between the American Curl and American Wirehair, both of which came about as a spontaneous mutation in the domestic cat population; somewhere along the lines, an unusual litter came into existence that was characterized by a distinctive coat.

A litter of five kittens with peculiar wiry hair was born in 1966 to two barn cats, Fluffy and Bootsie, from a small farm in upstate New York which had no obvious abnormal characteristics. There was ultimately only one kitten that survived the ordeal. Fluffy and Bootsie had a litter of kittens with wiry hair in the beginning, but in subsequent litters, none of these kittens were wiry haired. There was apparently a one-time event that resulted in that one extraordinary litter to be born. There was however one kitten that survived, a bicolor male kitten with a red and white pattern, that lived and prospered.

One of Joan O’Shea’s friends, who lived near Vernon, New York, told her about the surviving kitten, saying the kitten looked just like one of her Rex cats, which she had at home. He drove up to the kitten just to take a closer look, and he instantly fell in love with the long-legged, big-eared kitten with the twisted fur, as soon as he saw it. The kitten, which she had named Adam, also came to her realization that he was not a Rex at all but most likely an entirely new breed altogether. Joan’s family eventually took Adam in as a member of their family after he left his farm. Some of those kittens, some of which had Adam’s wiry coat, were produced by Adam with neighborhood cats in that place.

In order to produce Wirehair offspring, only one parent must possess the gene that is responsible for the wirehair coat; therefore, one parent must possess the gene in order to produce Wirehair offspring. Several samples of Adam’s hair were sent to notable British cat geneticists for analysis in order to make sure the breed was not related to any of the existing Rex breeds. There was no correlation between the coat of the Cornish Rex or the Devon Rex based on the hair samples that were analyzed.

As of today, every American Wirehair is a descendant of Adam or of one of his kittens, named Amy, which was one of his offspring. Though they are now recognized by four of the largest cat associations in North America, this breed is still relatively rare in the country.

Facts you probably didn’t know

  • According to the Cat Fancier Association, the American wirehair cat was named the rarest breed of cat out of 41 breeds of cats registered with the organization.

  • It has been suggested that the American wirehair’s hard, springy coat has a similar texture to that of steel wool by some people.

  • There is a tendency for the American wirehair to be confused with the American shorthair, and the breeds undergo regular crosses because of their similar looks (and behaviors!).

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