American Curl cats are adorable, unique, they are felines with a behavior similar to that of dogs.
If you’re interested in finding a fun, friendly, and interactive cat for the home, the American Curl cat could be a fantastic choice! They are very adaptable to new spaces and can provide a life of loyal love in the right home.
If you want to know everything about these amazing pets, you have come to the right place!
In this article I offer you facts about the American Curl, ranging from its appearance, to the history of this cat, its typical personality traits and known health problems.
A little history of the American Curl cat
The American Curl is a breed of American origin, which gets its name because its ears naturally curve towards the back of its head.
The breed began in California in 1981 when a black stray cat arrived at the Ruga family home. This cat had a special feature, her ears were curled back from her head, Grace and Joe Ruga adopted the little kitten and named her Shulamith .
Later she had four kittens, of which two of them shared the unique trait of their mother. Although the couple did not understand feline genetics at the time, they understood that the folded ears were the consequence of a dominant gene.
Shulamith continued to have litters of cats, two of these kittens ended up being acquired by breeder Nancy Kiester. Admired by the originality of Shulamit’s offspring, she decided to fix and select that character with a view to creating a new breed of cats .
Nancy Kiester’s efforts paid off fairly soon, as the American Curl, with its standard, was recognized in 1985.
The rise and recognition of the American Curl
In 1985, the new breed was recognized by the International Cat Association (TICA).
In 1986, the American Curl joined the list of breeds recognized by the CFA, and by 1993 it had achieved champion status.
Despite its short history, this cat is growing in popularity and is currently ranked 25th out of 37 by the CFA.
American Curl can now also be found in Europe and Japan, as well as throughout North America.
In 2015, the breed standard was amended to prohibit additional crosses with domestic shorthair and longhair domestic cats.
Physical characteristics of the American Curl
This cat generally has a well-proportioned and slim build, with a long and rather muscular appearance, weighing between 3 and 5 kilograms.
The head of these cats has a wedge shape, being longer than wide and with a rounded snout with a firm chin. Their eyes are large and rounded, with a color that is usually yellow or green, although depending on the pattern of the coat, others such as blue can be observed.
The Curl cat has a soft, silky and light coat that lacks an undercoat. There are two varieties: short and long hair. Due to external crossing during breeding, the Curl can be found in many colors and in both long and short hair varieties. In fact, the CFA reports a total of 69 different possible color combinations of the Curl.
The ears are the most significant feature of this breed . They begin to fold 2 to 10 days after birth. They curl, unwind, and curl a little more to their permanent shape when the kitten is about 4 months old.
Their ears are moderately large with a wide, open base, often adorned with tufts of hair. Ideally, the ears should not bend so far as to touch the skull. But instead they should be bent back about 90 degrees, shaped like a crescent moon.
American Curl personality
These cats are full of energy and always play with their toys and with you. The Curl likes to play and can learn to fetch. It is also capable of opening doorknobs.
The American Curl is known as the “Peter Pan” of cats, and this is because, unlike most other breeds, they remain playful and energetic even later into adulthood.
The Curl has also been called the ” dog of cats” as its affectionate and people-oriented personality is similar to that of dogs.
The American Curl has a stable and calm temperament, nothing aggressive or territorial. They are known to adapt well to homes with children and other pets.
American Curl cat health and care
Compared to other pedigree cats, American Curls are considered remarkably healthy.
These cats are safe from many fatal diseases. Due to being crossed with non-pedigree domestic cats for thirty years, the American Curl has a broader and more diverse gene pool than many other felines.
Many people wonder if their quirky-looking ears are the result of a painful or harmful genetic defect. However, there has been research and tests that have proven that the fold of the ears is the result of a mutation in a single gene, and its effects do not extend beyond an aesthetic issue.
Other than that, the only problems you may experience are coming from your narrow ear canals, so to avoid problems, keep your ears clean. Use a cotton swab with some liquid to clean the outer grooves of each ear. Gently treat the delicate cartilage.
As they have semi-long fur, it is convenient to brush them 1-2 times a week , thus avoiding knots, accumulation of dirt and discovering any parasites or anomalies.
If we have used it since kitten, we can bathe it every one or two months , however, we must remember that cats clean themselves, so in principle it is not very necessary.
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