Healthy kidneys perform, among other functions, filtering the blood and producing urine, so problems with kidney function can cause a variety of incidents in your cat’s health. The kidneys filter impurities from the blood . Urine produced in the kidneys is transported to the bladder and eliminated through the urethra.
Among the kidney diseases that can affect cats, chronic kidney failure is the most common. There is also acute kidney failure , which is usually due to exposure to toxins.
In this article, I show you 6 ways to prevent kidney failure in your cat , as well as the symptoms so that you can detect it early.
Symptoms of kidney failure in your cat
The cat by accumulating waste and other compounds in the bloodstream that are normally eliminated or regulated by the kidneys, feels sick, lethargic, neglected and with weight loss .
You may also lose the ability to concentrate your urine properly, and as a result, you may urinate larger amounts and drink more water to compensate. Loss of important proteins and vitamins in your urine can lead to abnormal metabolism and loss of appetite.
As toxins accumulate in the bloodstream, your cat may begin to vomit from time to time, develop mouth ulcers, become weaker and weaker, and exude what is known as a “uremic” odor caused by amounts. excessive ammonia in the blood.
Diagnosis of kidney failure
To evaluate kidney disease, veterinarians often go for blood and urine tests to determine the concentrations of waste products and other components that healthy kidneys normally filter or regulate.
Other tests include abdominal ultrasound, radiographs (x-rays), and in some cases, microscopic evaluation of biopsy samples .
Given the potential for hypertension in cats with CKD, measuring a cat’s blood pressure is also an important part of the medical evaluation of this disease.
6 tips for preventing kidney failure
1. Facilitates access to the litter box
To encourage your cat to urinate regularly and thus flush waste from her body, make sure she has easy access to her litter box. Put it in a place where it feels comfortable and safe.
Also, remember to clean it daily by removing its feces. Likewise, the sand or binder you use should be changed once or twice a week .
2. Encourage your cat to drink
To keep your cat’s kidneys healthy, you need to encourage her to drink water throughout the day. For that, don’t hesitate to invest in a water source or have several bowls of fresh water in the house. You can also pour some tuna oil into your bowl of water.
If your cat tends to drink very little, opt for wet food instead of kibble. Otherwise, you can also moisten the croquettes with warm water.
3. Take your cat for regular checkups at the vet
Routine exams by your vet increase the chances that any signs of poor health will be discovered before they develop into serious conditions, such as chronic kidney failure. Laboratory tests have become highly sophisticated and are capable of detecting minimal changes in the amounts of waste products in the bloodstream.
4. Provide a healthy diet for your cat
Diet plays an absolutely essential role in disease prevention. Start by feeding your cat high-quality products. These should be high in protein but low in phosphorus and sodium, and high in water-soluble vitamins, fiber, and concentrations of antioxidants to prolong life and improve quality of life in cats with chronic kidney disease.
5. Don’t let your cat suffer from obesity
As with humans, obesity in cats can cause diabetes , a disease with a strong tendency to lead to kidney failure .
If your cat is gaining too much weight, you should consult your vet to determine the ideal weight and diet that is right for him.
6. Limit your exposure to toxic substances
Toxic substances, such as ethylene glycol antifreeze or medications intended for humans and animals , should be kept out of your cat’s reach. In the same way, certain toxic plants , particularly the lily, should not be in the home because they are particularly dangerous for your cat’s kidneys.
If your cat ingested any of these substances, it could develop acute kidney failure and die.
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